By William Woodruff
This publication investigates the key alterations in international background and international economic system up to now years and explains to what quantity global forces were chargeable for shaping either previous and current. Its underlying subject is the fight for energy within which, because the 16th century, the West has prevailed. the various difficulties of the modern global - together with terrorism - are the legacy of the interval of Western domination. till the increase of the West, and its incomparable influence on each department of human task, the centre of the realm has been in Asia. through the 19th century international energy was once firmly within the fingers of the West. America's later upward push to international prestige used to be caused by means of the 2 global wars. the main favourite of the Western countries, the U.S. is now blamed for all of the excesses of an past colonial age.
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Additional resources for A Concise History of the Modern World: 1500 to the Present
The Europeans had not introduced slavery to Africa; what they did was to vastly increase its scope. By 1700 the slave trade exceeded the trade in gold and ivory. Estimates of the number of slaves shipped to the Americas between the sixteenth and the nineteenth centuries range from 10 to 15 million. The eighteenth century was probably the peak when the traffic was 6-7 million. About two million are thought to have died en route. Despite all the rhetoric about Christian love and salvation, the Europeans treated slaves shipped to the New World like cattle.
The Jesuits in Japan came to be looked upon as the secret agents of Spain. Loyalty and authority were at stake. Increasingly fearful that the Europeans might try to seize power in Japan, as they had done in the Philippines (1565-71) and Formosa (1624), the Japanese proceeded to reverse their attitude towards western commerce and Christianity. In 1587 Christianity was denounced by Hideyoshi as a threat to the state. In 1612 Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616) decreed that all missionaries must leave; converts were ordered to renounce their faith.
In the following year (1813) he was defeated at Leipzig with the loss of 30,000 men. By then millions of Europeans had lost their lives. Unable to defend Paris, Napoleon surrendered, abdicated the throne unconditionally, and subsequently was exiled in 1814 to Elba in the Mediterranean. Mter his escape from Elba in March 1815, he was finally defeated (with Prussia's timely aid) 100 days later at Waterloo. Exiled this time to St Helena in the south Atlantic (under much more penurious conditions), he died there in 1821.
A Concise History of the Modern World: 1500 to the Present by William Woodruff