By Kären Wigen
K?ren Wigen probes neighborhood cartography, choerography, and statecraft to redefine recovery (ishin) in smooth jap historical past. As built right here, that time period designates now not the fast coup d'?tat of 1868 yet a three-centuries-long venture of rehabilitating an historic map for contemporary reasons. Drawing on quite a lot of geographical files from Shinano (present-day Nagano Prefecture), Wigen argues that either the founding father of the Tokugawa Shogunate (1600-1868) and the reformers of the Meiji period (1868-1912) recruited the classical map to serve the reason for administrative reform. Nor have been they by myself; provincial males of letters performed an both severe function in bringing imperial geography again to existence within the geographical region. to confirm those claims, Wigen strains the ongoing profession of the classical court's most crucial unit of governance--the province--in crucial Honshu.
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Extra info for A Malleable Map: Geographies of Restoration in Central Japan, 1600-1912 (Asia: Local Studies Global Themes)
Within months, however, a wave of mergers began to collapse the unwieldy roster of 302 ken into a more manageable array. According to historian Nshima Mitsuko, the primary impetus behind the initial mergers came from the Finance Ministry, which was charged with setting the former domains’ fiscal aªairs in order. Anxious to minimize the strain on a severely overtaxed national budget, Finance Minister Nkubo Toshimichi (1830–78) and his deputy Inoue Kaoru (1835–1915) wasted no time in presenting the governing council with a blueprint for consolidating the ken.
Nihon kairiku kandan koku no zu (Map of the Cold and Warm Provinces of Coastal and Inland Japan), from a 1793 reprint edition of DaijO myOten nOsho rokuj[rokubu engi (Sixty-Six Dependent Arisings in Wonderful Dharma), 1690. Woodcut. From the reproduction in Unno Kazutaka, Chizu ni miru Nippon: Wakoku Jipangu Dainihon (Tokyo: Taish[kan Shoten, 1999), 135. 17 One is a diagram of the provinces from 1690 (Map 6), the other a GyOki-style map from 1666 entitled “Map of the Land of the Rising Sun” (FusOkoku no zu) (Plate 2).
Straddling an inland turnpike that connected Edo to Kyoto, the province was home to half a dozen famous attractions, including an ancient Buddhist temple (ZenkOji), three nationally prominent shrines (Suwa, Togakushi, and Ontake), a celebrated battlefield (Kawanakajima), a violent volcano (Asama), and numerous hot springs and poetic landmarks. 7 Cartographic interest in the province as a whole followed in due course. The oldest pair of print maps of Shinano date from 1753 and 1754, but these rare early examples appear to be isolated outliers.
A Malleable Map: Geographies of Restoration in Central Japan, 1600-1912 (Asia: Local Studies Global Themes) by Kären Wigen