By Elliot Cohen
Do sufferers have the correct to grasp their physician's HIV prestige? Can a dentist refuse remedy to an HIV-positive sufferer? How do educators verify even if to permit an HIV-positive baby to wait tuition, and in the event that they do, may still the fogeys of alternative young ones be told? may still a counselor holiday confidentiality through disclosing to a spouse that her husband is contaminated with HIV? This number of unique essays rigorously examines the tricky ethical offerings the AIDS pandemic has awarded for plenty of pros physicians, nurses, dentists, academics and college directors, company managers, psychotherapists, attorneys, clergy, newshounds, and politicians. within the place of work, difficulties posed through HIV and AIDS have resulted in a reexamination of conventional codes of ethics. supplying systematic and reasoned discussions, the authors discover the ethical, criminal, and moral concerns fascinated with the reconsideration of regulations, criteria of behavior, and the practicality of balancing own ethics. Elliot D. Cohen is Professor of Philosophy at Indian River group university and Editor-in-Chief of the "International magazine of utilized Philosophy". Michael Davis is Senior examine affiliate on the heart for the research of Ethics in Professions, Illinois Institute of know-how.
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Extra resources for Aids: Crisis in Professional Ethics
Can autonomy~even taken to mean simply the right to vote one's interest-supply a satisfactory standard of conflict resolution? Will autonomy itself need on occasion to yield to some further standard, for example, th~~ welfare of the citizens? Does Samar need some moral theory here? Would Elliot Cohen's human welfare model work here? Samar's analysis of rights based on autonomy sets the stage for his attempt to dlefine the duties of politicians with respect to AIDS. Autonomy is as c(~ntral here as it was in defining politicians' rights.
Can such restrictions be justified, or are they inherently discriminatory? As a means of answering these questions, three salient ethical considerations need to be addressed. Among the most important considerations is the need to protect the patient's health and safety, especially from preventable harms such as a physician-inducedl HIV infection. In addition, we cannot ignore concerns of justice and the presumptions of liberty that are equally relevant when considering restrictions on competent physicians' rights to practice.
If we accept the view that knowledge is good, then only an informed physician can rightfully decide whether or not to continue performing seriously invasive procedures. A proper sense of professional integrity would dictate that physicians take appropriate steps to reduce the risk of transmitting HIV during routine medical procedures, and ascertaining one's HIV status can contribute to reducing the risk of a patient becoming infected with AIDS. Voluntary HIV testing by physicians that increases awareness of the importance of universal precautions and that results, in some cases, in an infected physician voluntarily refraining from performing risky procedures could go a long way toward lessening the public's obsession with mandatory testing.
Aids: Crisis in Professional Ethics by Elliot Cohen