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By Heather G. Miller, etc., C.F. Turner, L.E. Moses

Expanding at the 1989 nationwide learn Council quantity AIDS, Sexual habit, and Intravenous Drug Use, this publication experiences on altering styles within the distribution of instances and the result of intervention efforts less than manner. It specializes in vital subpopulations which are turning into increasingly more in danger: youth and ladies. The committee additionally studies thoughts to guard blood provides and to enhance the standard of surveys utilized in AIDS research.
AIDS: the second one Decade updates tendencies in AIDS situations and HIV an infection one of the gay neighborhood, intravenous drug clients, girls, minorities, and different teams; offers an summary of a variety of behavioral intervention ideas directed at particular teams; discusses discrimination opposed to individuals with AIDS and HIV an infection; and provides to be had facts at the percentage of children carrying out the behaviors which may transmit the virus and on woman prostitutes and HIV infection.

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As a result, the committee recommends that the Public Health Service sponsor research to monitor trends in transfusion practices nationally to permit evaluation of the appropriateness of blood and blood component utilization and to identify targets for change. It further recommends that the PHS develop and evaluate effective strategies for informing patients about the risks and benefits of transfusion. SURVEY METHODS IN AIDS RESEARCH Surveys or, more generally, the method of asking questions and recording answers from a sample of a population of interest continue to be one of the most important techniques for obtaining essential information about the epidemiology of AIDS and HIV, the behaviors that spread HIV, and the effectiveness of AIDS prevention efforts.

From the perspective of the HIV epidemic, the infrequent use of autologous transfusion is regrettable. Even today the practice is underutilized. Because transfusion with autologous blood is the safest form of transfusion, the data indicating its infrequent use warrant further consideration and, if necessary, interventions to reverse this situation. , blood from a community's general donor pool). This can be accomplished in several ways. In principle, these approaches involve more appropriate use of blood by decreasing the nonessential use of blood and blood components, reducing the need for transfusion, and inactivating HIV and other viruses that may be present in blood products.

The distribution of sexual practices—including unprotected vaginal, oral, and anal sex—offered by women and requested by their partners has implications not only for the transmission of the virus but also for the types of educational interventions needed to reduce that transmission. Thus far, the number of cases of AIDS ascribed to contact with female sex workers has been small, and the available data, although limited, suggest that there is little danger that female prostitutes will be a “bridge” of infection to the general population.

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AIDS, the second decade by Heather G. Miller, etc., C.F. Turner, L.E. Moses


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