By B. Guy Peters
Vital additions to this 10th version comprise increased discussions of coverage tools, the demanding situations for public policymakers offered through the continued gridlock in Washington, the cheap Care Act, greater schooling investment, reproductive rights, and homosexual rights. New insurance of fracking controversies, race and racial profiling, and the legalization of marijuana retains scholars modern with fresh coverage debates and matters. New to this variation: *The 10th version contains accelerated and up-to-date discussions of *policy tools; *gridlock in Washington and the demanding situations for public coverage makers; *continuing responses to the 2008 financial concern; *the cheap Care Act; *higher schooling investment and the scholar debt drawback; *reproductive rights; and *gay rights. *New to the amount is a evaluation of fracking controversies and attendant alterations in strength guidelines, problems with race and racial profiling in legislation enforcement coverage, and the legalization of marijuana. *Updated tables and charts confirm scholars have entry to the most recent information within the box and new images illustrate details.
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Additional resources for American Public Policy: Promise and Performance
11 The elite, who are assumed by neo-Marxists to be dominant, are the capitalists. In late capitalism, however, capitalists are said to be in collusion with big labor against the interests of "the people" and are thus able to control policymaking by government. According to this approach, government is merely an appendage to the capitalist class for whom it is essential to the process of accumulation. Again, the implications of the elitist approach are rather obvious. If agenda formulation is crucial to the process of policymaking, then the ability of elites to keep certain issues off the agenda is crucial to their power.
It is a by-product of the production process, but its social costs are excluded from the selling price of the products made by that process. Thus, social costs and production costs diverge, and government may have to impose regulations to prevent the private firm from imposing the costs of pollution- such as damage to health, property, and amenities-on the public. Alternatively, the government may develop some means of pricing the effects of the pollution and then imposing those costs on the polluter.
He also discusses the role of crises in having issues placed on the agenda, as well as the difficulties in having new, or "chosen;' problems selected for inclusion. With each institution, the supporters of issues must use their political power and skills to gain access to the agenda. The failure to be included on any one agenda may be the end of an issue, at least for the time being. Who Sets Agendas? Establishing an agenda for society, or even for one institution, is a manifestly political activity, and control of the agenda gives substantial control over ultimate policy choices.
American Public Policy: Promise and Performance by B. Guy Peters