Download e-book for iPad: An Introduction to the History of Psychology (7th Edition) by B. R. Hergenhahn, Tracy Henley

By B. R. Hergenhahn, Tracy Henley

ISBN-10: 1133958095

ISBN-13: 9781133958093

Desires wondered early guy, Greek philosophers spun difficult theories to give an explanation for human reminiscence and conception, Descartes postulated that the mind used to be choked with "animal spirits," and psychology was once formally deemed a "science" within the nineteenth century. during this 7th version of AN advent TO THE background OF PSYCHOLOGY, authors Hergenhahn and Henley display that the majority of the troubles of up to date psychologists are manifestations of subject matters which were a part of psychology for hundreds--or even thousands--of years. The book's various pictures and pedagogical units, in addition to its biographical fabric on key figures in psychology, interact readers and facilitate their figuring out of every chapter.

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1963/2002a, p. 50) Popper used falsification as a demarcation between a scientific and a nonscientific theory but not between a useful and useless theory. Many theories in psychology fail Popper’s test of falsifiability either because they are stated in such general terms that they are confirmed by almost any observation or because they engage in postdiction rather than prediction. Such theories lack scientific rigor but are still often found to be useful. 9 Thomas Kuhn Until recently, it was widely believed that the scientific method guaranteed objectivity, and that science produced information in a steady, progressive way.

14 CHAPTER 1 antecedent events and set as their job the discovery of those events. It is assumed that, as more causes are discovered, human behavior will become more predictable and controllable. In fact, the prediction and control of behavior is usually recognized as an acceptable criterion for demonstrating that the causes of behavior have been discovered. Although determinists assume that behavior is caused, they generally agree that it is virtually impossible to know all causes of behavior.

The theories of Hull and Tolman are clear examples of psychology as science, and there are many others. Today, scientific psychologists work hand in hand with chemists and neurologists who are attempting to determine the biochemical correlates of memory and other cognitive processes. Still other psychological scientists are working with evolutionary biologists and geneticists in an effort to understand origins of human social behavior. In fact, we can safely say that scientifically oriented psychologists have provided a great deal of useful information in every major area of psychology—for example, learning, perception, memory, personality, intelligence, motivation, and psychotherapy.

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An Introduction to the History of Psychology (7th Edition) by B. R. Hergenhahn, Tracy Henley


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