Atomic and Quantum Physics: An Introduction to the by Professor Dr. Dr. h. c. Hermann Haken, Professor Dr. Hans PDF

By Professor Dr. Dr. h. c. Hermann Haken, Professor Dr. Hans Christoph Wolf (auth.)

ISBN-10: 3540177027

ISBN-13: 9783540177029

ISBN-10: 3642970141

ISBN-13: 9783642970146

Atomic physics and its underlying quantum idea are the purpose of departure for lots of smooth components of physics, astrophysics, chemistry, biology, or even electric engineering. This textbook presents a cautious and eminently readable creation to the consequences and techniques of empirical atomic physics. the scholar will collect the instruments of quantum physics and whilst find out about the interaction among scan and idea. A bankruptcy at the quantum thought of the chemical bond presents the reader with an creation to molecular physics. lots of difficulties are given to explain the fabric. The authors additionally speak about laser physics and nonlinear spectroscopy, incorporating most up-to-date experimental effects and displaying their relevance to simple learn. additional goods within the moment variation comprise suggestions to the routines, derivations of the relativistic Klein-Gordon and Dirac equations, an in depth theoretical derivation of the Lamb shift, a dialogue of latest advancements within the spectroscopy of internal shells, and new purposes of NMR spectroscopy, for example tomography.

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Extra resources for Atomic and Quantum Physics: An Introduction to the Fundamentals of Experiment and Theory

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9) 0 Upon integration, we obtain vosin 0 = _k_ (1 + cos 0) . 11) we obtain the relation between the impact parameter and the deflection angle which we are seeking: 4. The Nucleus of the Atom 42 b = k --2 cot (e/2) . 12) In an actual experiment, we cannot measure the number of scattered particles arriving at a particular angle e, but rather we have to consider the finite range of angles between e and e + de; these correspond to impact parameters in the range b to b + db. 12), we obtain the relation between db and de: db = __k_ 1 dO.

5 in the naturally occurring element. Furthermore, it was determined that lead from various ores had differing atomic weights. Today we know that this is due to the lead having been produced as the end product from different radioactive decay chains. These observations were the starting point for investigations which led to the discovery of the isotopes. , they may have the same nuclear charge number Z. The differing mass numbers result from the different numbers of neutrons in the atomic nuclei.

7. X-ray diffraction from a single crystal after von Laue; schematic of the experimental arrangement. X-radiation with a continuous distribution of wavelengths (polychromatic or white x-radiation) is diffracted by a single crystal. The conditions Jor interference from a three-dimensional lattice yield constructive interference at particular directions in space and at particular wavelengths. I. ~~ -e-e-e e e . (010) :~:-; ~(120)· e~ Fig. S. Simple cubic lattice with several lattice planes. These are characterised by.

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Atomic and Quantum Physics: An Introduction to the Fundamentals of Experiment and Theory by Professor Dr. Dr. h. c. Hermann Haken, Professor Dr. Hans Christoph Wolf (auth.)


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