Janet L. Abu-Lughod's Before European Hegemony: The World System A.D. 1250-1350 PDF

By Janet L. Abu-Lughod

ISBN-10: 0195058860

ISBN-13: 9780195058864

ISBN-10: 0195067746

ISBN-13: 9780195067743

During this very important examine, Abu-Lughod provides a groundbreaking reinterpretation of worldwide fiscal evolution, arguing that the fashionable international economic system had its roots no longer within the 16th century, as is generally meant, yet within the 13th century economy--a process a ways various from the eu international approach which emerged from it. utilizing the town because the operating unit of research, prior to ecu Hegemony offers a brand new paradigm for realizing the evolution of global structures by way of tracing the increase of a process that, at its height within the starting many years of the 14th century, concerned an unlimited zone stretching among northwest Europe and China. Writing in a transparent and energetic kind, Abu-Lughod explores the explanations for the eventual decay of the program and the increase of ecu hegemony.

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Firth's first m onograph on the Maori ( 1 929 ) made extensive iuse of the German literature. The dominant intellectual para­ idigm at the LSE in the 1 930s, however, was economist Lionel : Robbins's ( 1 932) reform ulation of neoclassical economics as the study of choices made under conditions of scarci ty. Firth 45 Economic A11thmpology was more impressed than Th urnwald by this new orthodoxy and devoted his later work to showing that the concepts and tools of modern economics had general validity.

In Germany, scholars of diverse disciplinary backgrounds, not content with mere descriptions of material culture, addressed theoretical questions concerni ng economic origi ns and technological determinism with considerable rigour. Many of these scholars gave priority to work: was it central to man's sel f-realization or did h umanity have a natural aversion to toil ? Marx's early phi losoph ical writings on the subject were not yet publ ished. However, the strength of the social i st movement in Germany was a factor which led even the opponents of the historical materialism of Marx and Engels to privilege studies of modes of production.

M a rx's method was rather to trace out the logic of the tendency o f world h istory, usi ng ideali zed examples. Class plays only a minor role in his economic anthropology. The Mmtifesto of the Communist Party (Marx and Engels 1 8 48 ) expl icitly poin ts to the pl ural ity and confusion of classes, estates and orders in pre-capita l i st societi es. Only when commercial logic pen­ etrates the b u l k of prod uction does class struggle between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat become domina nt.

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Before European Hegemony: The World System A.D. 1250-1350 by Janet L. Abu-Lughod

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