By John R. Speakman
Bringing jointly a mixture of conventional and good demonstrated analytical equipment with extra glossy thoughts, physique Composition research of Animals offers a theoretical review of other methodologies mixed with functional suggestion at the use of those ideas. equipment coated contain using damaging tools of research, physique indices, isotope and gasoline dilution tools, overall physique electric conductivity, bio-impedance research, ultrasound scanning, and twin power x-ray absorptiometry.
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Additional resources for Body Composition Analysis of Animals: A Handbook of Non-Destructive Methods
The dashed lines in (b) and (d) intersect at the bivariate mean for the residuals and wing chord. condition indices are most likely to continue to be based either on OLS or RMA models. Statistical criteria for ﬁtting mass to length relationships When using regression as a precursor to building a condition index, the appropriate statistical model to use is not something that can be speciﬁed a priori. The best-ﬁtting model needs to determined empirically. Model speciﬁcation is a non-trivial subject, but for the current purposes there are three issues.
Calculate condition as (␦ ϩ ␣ length␤ ϩ )/(␦ ϩ ␣ length␤), which equals 1ϩ /(␦ ϩ ␣ length␤). The second term has an expected correlation of zero with length␤, so the index has an expected correlation of zero with length␤. In practice, owing to sampling variation, the actual correlation will not exactly equal zero, but it should be close to zero at least in large samples. e. massϭ ␣ length␤ e and lognormally distributed, log–log regression should be used instead of nonlinear regression. e. e.
In contrast, the residual 10 g is a smaller fraction of body mass in the long ﬁsh, and consequently it may confer relatively little beneﬁt during a food shortage. In other words, being 10 g heavier may be a greater advantage to a small ﬁsh than it is to a large ﬁsh. e. survival during food shortage. e. mass/predicted mass is used and that the predicted masses of 27 28 j . p. h a y e s a n d j . s . s h o n k w i l e r the three ﬁsh are 20, 100, and 500 g. e. 30/20, 110/100, 510/500, respectively.
Body Composition Analysis of Animals: A Handbook of Non-Destructive Methods by John R. Speakman