Get Christian Theology and Medical Ethics: Four Contemporary PDF

By James B. Tubbs Jr. (auth.)

ISBN-10: 9048146011

ISBN-13: 9789048146017

ISBN-10: 9401586543

ISBN-13: 9789401586542

Contemporary discourse in biomedical ethics has been enormously formed, sustained and enriched throughout the insights and views provided via its theologian-contributors. This quantity examines the paintings of 4 Christian theologians who've considerably inspired the sphere of bioethics within the united states: Richard McCormick, SJ; Paul Ramsey; Stanley Hauerwas; and James M. Gustafson. each one theorist's writings are explored in flip, as a way to elucidate, examine and distinction their foundational theological premises, their specific ways to ethical reasoning, and their thought of responses to chose medico-moral concerns. the ultimate bankruptcy displays many of the author's personal severe responses in discussion with the study's 4 matters, and provides common feedback concerning the ethical point of view afforded by means of Christian theology.
This quantity can be of curiosity either to these looking a fuller knowing of up to date discussions in bioethics and to these learning Christian ethics within the smooth period.

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Extra info for Christian Theology and Medical Ethics: Four Contemporary Approaches

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40], p. ; [47], p. ). As a result, McCormick would defend some treatment interventions which would fit the above description of "strong" paternalism. The issue of life-preserving medical treatment and patient acceptance/rejection of it is addressed by McCormick in a 1976 article, "The Moral Right to Privacy" ([38], pp. 352-61). In his view, the Catholic moral tradition has consistently dealt with the right of self-determination in health care in terms of the (limited) duty of preservation of life.

Medical paternalism, on the other hand, involves choosing goals (of treatment) for the patient on the assumption that the patient's self-defined best interests will be (or should be) congruent with the care-giver's definition of those interests. It is because those definitions are not always congruent that medical paternalism becomes a practical moral problem. Those who argue in favor of admitting exceptions to our duty to respect ORDERED VALUES AND PROPORTIONATE REASONS 29 the claim of patient autonomy attempt to justify paternalistic interventions on either of two bases: (1) because the patient is incompetent, irrational, or otherwise incapable of determining his/her own best interests and making choices thereon (and thus stands in peril of choosing what will be harmful to him/her); or (2) because the substance of what the patient chooses for himself/herself is seen to be unreasonably self-harming (on some ostensibly objective scale of 'reasonable' best interests), even though the patient's rational powers do not appear limited or encumbered.

3. VALUES. COMMUNITY AND AUTONOMY: McCORMICK AND TREATMENT REFUSALS One of the most frequently addressed issues in medical ethics over the past two decades has been the conflict between patient autonomy and professional paternalism. The literature is filled with actual and hypothetical case-studies in which patients' own decisions about their treatment (quite often decisions to end their treatment) are ignored or overridden by professionals' decisions to 'help' the patient by continuing or expanding treatment.

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Christian Theology and Medical Ethics: Four Contemporary Approaches by James B. Tubbs Jr. (auth.)

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