By John Gillingham
This can be the 1st large-scale old research of the serious first degree of ecu integration, the construction of the ecu Coal and metal group (ECSC). John Gillingham discusses the thirty yr Franco-German fight for heavy mastery in Western Europe, describes the desires and schemes of Jean Monnet, who designed the heavy pool, unearths the yank imaginative and prescient that encouraged his paintings, and discloses how his transatlantic companions used their nice authority to guarantee its of completion. Gillingham additionally lays naked the working mechanisms of the coal-steel pool, displaying that opposite to the hopes of Monnet and his supporters, the ECSC restored instead of reformed the eu economic system, leaving as a legacy now not a detrustified undefined, yet one nonetheless ruled by means of the large manufacturers of the Ruhr.
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Extra info for Coal, Steel, and the Rebirth of Europe, 1945-1955: The Germans and French from Ruhr Conflict to Economic Community
Though in many high-technology, capital-intensive fields such agreements merely formalized the existence of the industrial status quo, the lightbulb cartel created a world monopoly. The December 1924 Convention for the Development and Progress of the Incandescent Electric Lamp Industry joined together the producers of the United States, Germany, the Netherlands, Hungary, Britain, and France, as well as the Americancontrolled Overseas Group - the dominant internationl interests in a pact whose two purposes were to enforce noncompetition in established markets and to regulate conditions of sale in the rest of the world.
J o h n Gillingham, Industry and Politics in the Third Reich: Ruhr Coal, Hitler, Europe (New York, 1985), pp. 92, 93-94, 102-103. und and 30 Coal, steel, and the rebirth of Europe word was "industrial self-government," by which was meant that, instead of competing, producers should do business amicably through special associations set up to regulate markets and simultaneously promote modernization. Germany, home of "organized capitalism," had traditionally provided the model of industrial self-government.
The one attempt made by a French government to enact a law for compulsory cartelization, the Marchendeau project of 1935, failed in the Senate. 8» The number and importance of such cartels increased still further after 1929, partly through international arrangements. 8? Individualism and chronic suspicion of the state caused French business adoption of industrial self-government to begin quite late. It came in response to the path-breaking Matignon Agreement of June 1936 by which factory owners, unable to end the rash of sitdown strikes paralyzing production, recognized unions as bargaining agents.
Coal, Steel, and the Rebirth of Europe, 1945-1955: The Germans and French from Ruhr Conflict to Economic Community by John Gillingham