By Olga Bogdashina
Offering a theoretical starting place for figuring out conversation and language impairments particular to autism, Olga Bogdashina explores the results of alternative perceptual and cognitive types at the communique and language improvement of autistic little ones. She stresses the significance of deciding upon every one autistic individual's nonverbal language - which are visible, tactile, kinaesthetic, auditory, olfactory or gustatory - which will determine a shared technique of verbal communique. She bargains a proof of why yes ways, for instance PECS, could paintings with a few autistic young ones yet now not others. providing actual insights, the 'What they are saying' sections allow the reader to determine during the eyes of autistic contributors and to appreciate their language adjustments first hand.
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Additional info for Communication Issues In Autism And Asperger Syndrome: Do We Speak The Same Language?
If one (or several) of the senses are lost (for example, sight or hearing), the other senses develop to compensate and restore the balance. Blindness or deafness creates different perceptual images. However, the end product – concept formation – is the same (if a person’s blindness or deafness is not complicated by other impairments). With autism the situation is very confusing. It is not that the senses of autistic people work or do not work; it is that they work differently. What aggravates the issue even more is that these differences (and difficulties) are ‘invisible’ to outsiders, and the matter is further complicated because no two autistic people appear to have the exactly same patterns of sensory-perceptual experiences.
Instead, they have their own ‘words’ for things, based on sensory patterns. They construct and store sensory perceptual mental images. Autistic ‘perceptual words’ at the level of interpretation are very concrete and specific. They recognize (interpret) things using these sensory impressions they stored in the memory. For example: Most words do not relate in any direct way to sensory experiences. The word ‘cat’ says nothing of the sound that comes from the thing when stroked, the noise it makes or the tactile sensation felt when stroking it.
73) Let us start with the definitions and interpretations of the main notions in order to create the framework of our discussion. Perception is the process by which an organism collects, interprets and comprehends information from the outside world by means of the senses. Cognition refers to mental operations such as thinking, conceiving, reasoning, symbolizing, expectancy, complex rule use, problem-solving, imagery, belief and intention (Reber 1995): all the processes by which the sensory input is transformed, reduced, stored, recovered and used.
Communication Issues In Autism And Asperger Syndrome: Do We Speak The Same Language? by Olga Bogdashina