By Michel Chein (auth.), Madalina Croitoru, Sébastien Ferré, Dickson Lukose (eds.)
th The 18 foreign convention on Conceptual buildings (ICCS 2010) used to be the most recent in a sequence of annual meetings which were held in Europe, A- tralia, and North the United States seeing that 1993. the point of interest of the convention has been the illustration and research of conceptual wisdom for learn and sensible software. ICCS brings jointly researchers and practitioners in info and laptop sciences in addition to social technological know-how to discover novel ways in which c- ceptual constructions may be deployed. bobbing up from the learn on wisdom illustration and reasoning with conceptual graphs, through the years ICCS has broadened its scope to incorporate in- vations from a much broader diversity of theories and similar practices, between them other kinds of graph-based reasoning platforms like RDF or existential graphs, formal inspiration research, Semantic internet applied sciences, ontologies, proposal mapping and extra. therefore, ICCS represents a family members of ways on the topic of conc- tualstructuresthatbuild onthesuccesseswithtechniquesderivedfromarti?cial intelligence, wisdom illustration and reasoning, utilized arithmetic and lattice conception, computational linguistics, conceptual modeling and layout, d- grammatic reasoning and common sense, clever platforms and data administration. The ICCS 2010 topic “From info to Intelligence” tricks at unve- ing the reasoning features of conceptual constructions. certainly, advancements in garage potential and function of computing infrastructure have additionally - fected the character of information illustration and reasoning (KRR) structures, transferring their concentration towards representational strength and execution functionality. for that reason, KRR examine is now confronted with a problem of constructing wisdom illustration and reasoning constructions optimized for such reasonings.
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Extra resources for Conceptual Structures: From Information to Intelligence: 18th International Conference on Conceptual Structures, ICCS 2010, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia, July 26-30, 2010. Proceedings
This was already one of the main criticisms addressed to semantic networks, and CGs answered that by establishing a clear distinction between factual and ontological knowledge. These are the drawbacks addressed in the next transformation. 3 The RDF/BG Intuitive Transformation The second transformation, called Tnat and outlined in Fig. 5, has several qualities: – It is natural (hence the notation Tnat ), in sense that it respects the kinds of knowledge: it translates classes into concept types (both represent sets of entities), properties into binary relations, and instance into instances.
5 summarizes the main points of the “natural” correspondence between RDF(S) and BGs, along with their logical translation. However, such an intuitive translation does not satisfy our main evaluation criterion, which is the equivalence between reasonings in the two formalisms. RDFS Triple C rdf:type rdfs:Class R rdf:type rdf:Property C rdfs:subClassOf D R rdfs:subPropertyOf S R rdfs:domain C R rdfs:range D Equivalent BG C concept type R binary relation type C≤D R≤S σ(R) = (C, −) σ(R) = (−, D) Logical Translation C unary predicate R binary predicate ∀x(C(x) → D(x)) ∀x∀y(R(x, y) → S(x, y)) ∀x∀y(R(x, y) → C(x)) ∀x∀y(R(x, y) → D(y)) Fig.
An RDF∗ G graph admits a natural graph representation: a node is assigned to each term appearing as a subject or object in G, and a directed edge to each triple of G; this edge admits for origin the node assigned to its subject, and for destination the node assign to its object. Semantics. In usual model-theoretic semantics, entities are mapped to elements of the interpretation domain and relations to a set of tuples of elements of the domain. Since RDF(S) does not consider a strict separation between entities and property names (which is considered as a requirement for the web), such an interpretation would lead Translations between RDF(S) and Conceptual Graphs 33 to an important mathematical problem: an element of the domain could be asserted equal to a set of tuples containing it.
Conceptual Structures: From Information to Intelligence: 18th International Conference on Conceptual Structures, ICCS 2010, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia, July 26-30, 2010. Proceedings by Michel Chein (auth.), Madalina Croitoru, Sébastien Ferré, Dickson Lukose (eds.)