By Daryl Michael Scott
For over a century, the concept African americans are psychologically broken has performed a major position in discussions of race. during this provocative paintings, Daryl Michael Scott argues that harm imagery has been the manufactured from liberals and conservatives, of racists and antiracists. whereas racial conservatives, frequently taking part in on white contempt for blacks, have sought to take advantage of findings of black pathology to justify exclusionary rules, racial liberals have used harm imagery basically to advertise regulations of inclusion and rehabilitation. In advancing his argument, Scott demanding situations a few long-held ideals concerning the heritage of wear and tear imagery. He rediscovers the liberal impulses in the back of Stanley Elkins's Sambo speculation and Daniel Patrick Moynihan's Negro family members and exposes the wear and tear imagery within the paintings of Ralph Ellison, the prime anti-pathologist. He additionally corrects the view that the Chicago university depicted blacks as pathological items of matriarchy. New Negro specialists corresponding to Charles Johnson and E. Franklin Frazier, he says, disdained sympathy-seeking and shunned exploring person pathology. Scott's reassessment of social technological know-how sheds new mild on Brown v. Board of schooling, revealing how specialists reversed 4 many years of thought with a view to symbolize segregation as inherently harmful to blacks. during this arguable paintings, Scott warns the Left of the hazards of their contemporary rediscovery of wear imagery in an age of conservative reform.
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Additional info for Contempt and Pity: Social Policy and the Image of the Damaged Black Psyche, 1880-1996
Beard, a neurologist and leader in the study and treatment of neurasthenia, a weakness of the nervous system that manifested itself in numerous symptoms, including fatigue, anxiousness, and vague physical ailments. Beard believed that civilization gave birth to the disease. As humans evolved and became more civilized, their nervous system became more complex and thus more prone to malfunction. 37 The experts counseled that high rates of mental affliction were the price of civilization. Rather than suffering the inevitable silently, Americans sought relief through the mind cure movement, Christian Science, and medicine.
Their conclusions, however, were derived from different premises. In the thinking of racial liberals, black personality damage was an outgrowth of being the subordinate group, not of the inability of blacks to compete with whites. Moreover, in accordance with their professional and political ideologies, liberals downplayed the damage they discovered. In the postwar era, liberals continued to dominate the image of African Americans, but they changed their interpretation of black personality. Now damage imagery loomed large.
In the mid-1960s, a number of racial liberals became disillusioned with the direction of racial liberalism and its response to the social upheavals of the time. These neoconservatives, as they became known, believed that most liberals were too apologetic for what they viewed as the riotous behavior of urban blacks, and emphasized the need for law and order. More important here, they also tended to have serious reservations about preferential programs such as affirmative action and efforts to promote integration such as school busing.
Contempt and Pity: Social Policy and the Image of the Damaged Black Psyche, 1880-1996 by Daryl Michael Scott