Download e-book for kindle: Curves and surfaces in geometric modeling : theory and by Jean Gallier

By Jean Gallier

ISBN-10: 1558605991

ISBN-13: 9781558605992

Curves and Surfaces for Geometric Design

deals either a theoretically unifying figuring out of polynomial curves and surfaces and an efficient method of implementation so you might convey to endure by yourself work-whether you are a graduate pupil, scientist, or practitioner.

Inside, the focal point is on "blossoming"-the technique of changing a polynomial to its polar form-as a average, simply geometric rationalization of the habit of curves and surfaces. This perception is critical for much greater than its theoretical splendor, for the writer proceeds to illustrate the worth of blossoming as a realistic algorithmic instrument for producing and manipulating curves and surfaces that meet many alternative standards. you are going to discover ways to use this and similar recommendations drawn from affine geometry for computing and adjusting keep watch over issues, deriving the continuity stipulations for splines, growing subdivision surfaces, and more.

The made of groundbreaking examine via a noteworthy computing device scientist and mathematician, this e-book is destined to become a vintage paintings in this advanced topic. will probably be an important acquisition for readers in lots of diverse components, together with special effects and animation, robotics, digital fact, geometric modeling and layout, scientific imaging, machine imaginative and prescient, and movement planning.

* Achieves a intensity of assurance now not present in the other booklet during this field.

* bargains a mathematically rigorous, unifying method of the algorithmic iteration and manipulation of curves and surfaces.

* Covers uncomplicated ideas of affine geometry, the precise framework for facing curves and surfaces by way of keep watch over points.

* info (in Mathematica) many entire implementations, explaining how they produce hugely non-stop curves and surfaces.

* offers the first innovations for developing and studying the convergence of subdivision surfaces (Doo-Sabin, Catmull-Clark, Loop).

* includes appendices on linear algebra, uncomplicated topology, and differential calculus.

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Extra resources for Curves and surfaces in geometric modeling : theory and algorithms

Sample text

A0 am ) is a basis of E . ,− a−a→)) is also called an affine frame with origin a . Then, every x ∈ E can be 0 0 1 expressed as 0 m 0 → −−→ x = a0 + x1 − a− 0 a1 + · · · + xm a0 am for a unique family (x1 , . . t. the affine frame → −−→ (a0 , (− a− 0 a1 , . . , a0 am )). Furthermore, every x ∈ E can be written as x = λ0 a0 + · · · + λm am for some unique family (λ0 , . . , λm ) of scalars such that λ0 +· · ·+λm = 1 called the barycentric coordinates of x with respect to the affine frame (a0 , .

An , λn ), (a, 1 − n i=1 λi )). Then, it is clear − → that Va is closed under linear combinations, and thus, it is a subspace of E . Since V = → | x, y ∈ V } and V = {− → | x ∈ V }, where a ∈ V , it is clear that V ⊆ V . Conversely, {− xy ax a a since − →=− →−− → xy ay ax, − → and since Va is a subspace of E , we have V ⊆ Va . Thus, V = Va , for every a ∈ V . − → (2) If V = a + V , where V is a subspace of E , then, for every family of weighted points, ((a + vi , λi ))1≤i≤n , where vi ∈ V , and λ1 + · · · + λn = 1, the barycenter x being given by n x=a+ i=1 − → is in V , since V is a subspace of E .

We can write the equation of the conic as    x α γ δ (x, y, 1) γ β λ y  = 0. δ λ µ 1 If we now use barycentric coordinates (x, y, z) (where x + y + z = 1), we can write      x 1 0 0 x y  = 0 1 0 y  . 1 1 1 1 z Let   α γ δ B =  γ β λ , δ λ µ   1 0 0 C = 0 1 0 1 1 1 and   x X = y  . z 54 CHAPTER 2. BASICS OF AFFINE GEOMETRY (a) Letting A = C ⊤ BC, prove that the equation of the conic becomes X ⊤ AX = 0. Prove that A is symmetric, that det(A) = det(B), and that X ⊤ AX is homogeneous of degree 2.

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Curves and surfaces in geometric modeling : theory and algorithms by Jean Gallier


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