By Kathleen O'Neill
Decentralization is without doubt one of the so much dramatic political and monetary developments within the previous few a long time. This publication seeks to deal with its motives, exploring decentralizing reforms in Bolivia, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. It probes questions of the place and why decentralization is followed, what shape it's more likely to absorb diverse contexts, and the way it really is more likely to evolve through the years. The booklet develops a conception linking decentralization's adoption to the electoral matters of political events: decentralization represents a fascinating approach for events whose aid at subnational degrees seems safer than their customers in nationwide elections.
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Extra resources for Decentralizing the State: Elections, Parties, and Local Power in the Andes
In general, the basic theory linking party electoral prospects to support for decentralization should apply to legislatures to the extent that legislators respond to party pressures. 7. The coalition of parties supporting the MNR (National Revolutionary Movement) president in Bolivia in 1994 held a majority of legislative seats. xml 32 CY560B/O’Neill 0 521 60970 8 March 16, 2005 Electoral Theory and Comparative Evidence Moreno (2003) find statistical support linking membership in nonmajority parties with a legislator’s propensity to initiate decentralizing legislation in the Colombian and Venezuelan legislatures.
All other things being equal, parties would like to decentralize at the end of their terms; however, all other things are not equal. The party’s desire to push decentralization through the legislature may predispose its members toward an early introduction to capitalize on the honeymoon effect at the beginning of a term. Alternatively, politicians may worry that the public may perceive a last-minute decentralization as a ploy to win support at the start of new elections and may punish the party for that in the next election (thus affecting future presidential electoral chances negatively).
Even where parties enjoy strong influence over legislator incentives (closed and blocked list ballots), if the legislative balance in favor of decentralization is strong, the party itself may decide not to risk losing popular support by voting against the reform. I try, where possible, to explore legislative behavior during the approval process in the case chapters that follow. Assembly behavior receives particularly careful attention in the exceptional cases of constitutional assemblies that initiate or significantly expand decentralization.
Decentralizing the State: Elections, Parties, and Local Power in the Andes by Kathleen O'Neill