By Kimberley Brownlee, Adam Cureton
This e-book bargains a much-needed research of ethical and political matters pertaining to incapacity, and explores how the reviews of individuals with disabilities can result in reconsideration of well-known positions on normative matters. 13 new essays research such issues because the idea of incapacity, the stipulations of justice, the character of autonomy, healthcare distribution, and reproductive offerings. The members are Norman Daniels, Ellen Daniels Zide, Leslie P. Francis, Christie Hartley, Richard Hull, man Kahane, F.M. Kamm, Rosalind McDougall, Jeff McMahan, Douglas MacLean, Susannah Rose, Anita Silvers, Julian Savulescu, Lorella Terzi, David Wasserman, and Jonathan Wolff.
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Extra resources for Disability and Disadvantage
For this objection, see S. Sheldon and S. ’ San Diego Law Review, 43 (2006), 775. ’ Sign Language Studies, 2/4 (2002). ²² And, as we shall now argue, the everyday concept, even if defective, might partly track a genuine normative property that is not captured by disabilitySM . It is not, however, very important what meaning we assign to the word ‘disability’. What is important is that we have at hand concepts that accurately map the normative territory. 5. The Welfarist Account In this section, we’ll start with some general reﬂections on well-being and harm, and construct, out of these reﬂections, a number of speciﬁc evaluative concepts that we need anyway in thinking about normative questions.
Wasserman, J. Bickerbach, and R. ), Quality of Life and Human Difference: Genetic Testing, Healthcare, and Disability (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005). ¹⁷ For a critical survey of the Social Model, see Tom Shakespeare, Disability Rights and Wrongs (Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2006). One widely cited formulation of the social model is that of the Union of Physically Impaired Against Segregation (UPIAS), which deﬁnes impairment as ‘lacking part or all of a limb, organ or mechanism of the body’ and disability as ‘the disadvantage or restriction of activity caused by a contemporary social organisation which takes little account of people who have physical impairments and thus excludes them from participation in the mainstream of social activities’ (UPIAS, 1976).
We ourselves are inclined to believe most of these are, in the conditions holding at present and in the foreseeable future. But a case needs to be made, and it needs to be made case by case. And note that although a general case can be made about the status of, say, deafness, as a disabilityW for most people in the common circumstances holding in our world, it may still be true that an opposite case can be made for a particular person, in special and speciﬁc circumstances. Nevertheless, it may be that, although the everyday concept is defective, our use of it is at least partly responsive to factors that genuinely reduce well-being, at least in present circumstances.
Disability and Disadvantage by Kimberley Brownlee, Adam Cureton