East India Patronage and the British State: The Scottish by George K. McGilvary PDF

By George K. McGilvary

ISBN-10: 1845116615

ISBN-13: 9781845116613

The Act of Union in 1707 introduced with it a brand new "Great Britain." How did the English bind the Scottish elites to the recent British country, making sure the steadiness of this new energy within the face of attainable Jacobite and overseas hazard?

This booklet seems on the results of the Act of the Union on Britain and its colonies. From 1725 onward, a patronage approach existed in Britain permitting executive ministries to exploit posts within the East India corporation and its delivery to safe political majorities in Scotland and Westminster. Scots went to India as corporation servants, ships' crews, squaddies and free-merchants, bringing again extraordinary wealth to a land starved of cash and delivering for advertisement and business advances all through nice Britain. the significance of the approach of patronage which enabled such a lot of Scots to visit the East has now not hitherto been well-known and can't be overvalued. It certain the Scots with their English acquaintances in company, political administration and empire, with effects going a long way past the Eighteenth Century.

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But there were to be many more campaigns. Sulivan came back to power in 1769 and the feud (simmering in the background) was publicly resumed. In 1773 Clive was brought before the bar of the House of Commons to answer charges of corruption brought against him, for which Sulivan was unfairly blamed. As a result, even after Clive’s death in 1774, the Irishman was to feel the wrath of his late enemy’s friends; and this continued until his own demise and beyond. From 1766–67 and the first Parliamentary Inquiry, the Company had to deal with growing interference in its affairs.

Basing their strategy half upon instructions from the North Government to foil Hastings where possible and force his resignation, and partly because of personal dislike and resentment of Hastings’ aura of power and authority, the last three (the ‘Triumvirate’) did their best to make his life impossible. They failed, however, Hastings eventually outliving or outmanoeuvring them – with the tremendous help of the party in Leadenhall led by Laurence Sulivan. The Irishman fought the hostility of the North Administration and its puppets among the Directors, and prevented Hastings’ recall.

He applied the system to the ministerial needs of the 1740s and onwards, despite English hostility occasioned by the ’45. He managed to retain the Argathelian-controlled arrangement used extensively in Scotland from 1725 in the face of those at Westminster who favoured a military approach to ‘pacification’. Throughout the 1740 to 1765 period this India patronage continued to be used extensively by Ilay and his man of business, Milton; and latterly by Milton and the Earl of Bute. Drummond, Milton and John Mackenzie of Delvine were (successively) the powerful managers controlling this patronage, furthering the political direction of Scotland to the satisfaction of the Argathelians and their London counterparts.

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East India Patronage and the British State: The Scottish Elite and Politics in the Eighteenth Century by George K. McGilvary


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