By Joop de Beer, Leo J.G. van Wissen
On the brink of a brand new century the organisers of the ecu inhabitants convention 1999 (EPC99) within the Hague determined not just to spotlight the inhabitants developments that Europe is dealing with this day but in addition the adjustments within the 21 st century which are set to form the way forward for Europe. They determined to target comparative matters, either in time and in area. for you to hint the measure of homogeneity and heterogeneity of eu populations over the years, converging and diverging inhabitants developments which are particular to modern and destiny Europe must be explored. this can be mirrored in EPC99's motto: 'European Populations at the threshold of the hot millennium; harmony in variety. ' destiny demographic advancements could be as a result of particular financial, social and cultural stipulations in Europe, and should, in flip, have an important effect on destiny fiscal and social stipulations. To the level that demographic developments range throughout international locations, separate international locations may well face diversified social and monetary difficulties. As demographic developments are inclined to have long-lasting results, it is very important check the potential results of destiny demographic advancements at an early level. at the get together of EPC99 , of the organisers, statistics Netherlands (SN) and the Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI), made up our minds to provide a suite of 2 inhabitants situations, displaying the prospective impression of converging and diverging inhabitants tendencies within the subsequent century.
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Additional resources for Europe: One Continent, Different Worlds: Population Scenarios for the 21st Century
For this reason, and since the former communist governments used to emphasise industrial production rather than services, even today environmental pollution is a more acute problem in the former communist countries. The health elements mentioned in the previous paragraph are all related to a greater or lesser degree to the economic development of individual countries. Quite a different element is the individual personality factor. It is rather difficult to categorise the countries of Europe on the basis of this factor, since different personality traits may have different consequences for health and may lead to different clustering.
Moreover, in the event of a higher-order solution, the interpretation of the third and fourth factors is not straightforward. For both pragmatic and theoretical reasons, we have opted for a two-factor solution. A VARIMAX rotation has been used to facilitate the interpretation of the factors. Variables of poor data quality or with low loadings on both factors have been excluded, but as mentioned above, this does not affect the conclusions. One factor was found to correlate highly with variables such as the per capita GNP, the percentage of the GNP spent on health, and the percentage of teenage mothers.
Overall, the political power distance in Europe has decreased at a national level. After all, democratic governments replaced dictatorial ones in Greece, Portugal and Spain in the 1970s and in eastern Europe in the 1990s and public institutions were democratised in western Europe in the 1960s and 1970s. In addition, individuals have become more vocal with respect to their governments in western Europe, which may have been caused in part by their higher level of education and the emergence of information networks.
Europe: One Continent, Different Worlds: Population Scenarios for the 21st Century by Joop de Beer, Leo J.G. van Wissen