Download e-book for iPad: European Science and Technology Policy: Towards Integration by Henri Delanghe, Ugur Muldur, Luc Soete

By Henri Delanghe, Ugur Muldur, Luc Soete

ISBN-10: 1848443307

ISBN-13: 9781848443303

This cutting edge booklet specializes in an important notion underpinning present ecu Union (EU) examine coverage. It describes the heritage and notion of the ecu examine region (ERA), analyses the various underlying assumptions, assesses a few of its achievements, and takes a quick examine its destiny. ''European technological know-how and expertise Policy'' bargains with the proposal of the period, a coordinated and potent ecu study region, the winning fulfillment of with a view to develop into the most target of ecu study coverage as soon as the Lisbon Treaty enters into strength. The e-book demonstrates that just about ten years after the formal release of the period inspiration, little top-down growth turns out to were made when it comes to reaching larger governance of the ecu examine panorama. besides the fact that, tangible bottom-up development has been made in the direction of harmonising study past the prevailing uncoordinated nationwide, inter-governmental and supranational coverage schemes. Given the present ongoing period debate, this well timed e-book may be a useful device for know-how and innovation policymakers and practitioners in Europe. it is going to additionally attract students and scholars within the fields of technological know-how, expertise and innovation.

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Additional info for European Science and Technology Policy: Towards Integration or Fragmentation?

Sample text

The spotlight was put on the performance of these institutions and it became clear that reform was necessary to enable them to meet the growing expectations. Reform of universities, research organizations and funding agencies and of the overall science and technology system has therefore been a major trend starting in the 1970s and continuing throughout the next decades. A few examples of such reform will be given. Universities in Europe reflect national traditions. Their organization. curricula, degrees, autonomy (or lack thereof).

J. Karlesky (1977), The Universities in the Nation's Research Effort, New Rochelle, N Y : Change Magazine Press. Sweeney, G. ) (1 985), Innovation Policies: An International Perspective, London: Francis Pinter. UNESCO (1970), Manual for Surveying National Scientific und Teclznological Potential. Paris: UNESCO. 2. Intergovernmental cooperation in the making of European research Pierre Papon Until the mid-20th century, scientific research in Europe was a national undertaking, although cooperation between scientists had been an old tradition, even during war periods (Rossi, 1999; Blay and NicolaTdis, 2001).

The Gvandes ~ c o l e snowadays perform high-quality research and in addition to the Paris region, several regional concentrations of research and innovation have developed, wellknown examples being Grenoble and Sophia Antipolis. System-wide reform was, of course, necessary in the Central and Eastern European countries after 1989 as their systems, which were based on Academies of Science running large parts of basic research and on state companies accounting for most industrial production in a plannedeconomy mode, had to adapt to a world where universities and private innovation-focused companies would be the dominant players.

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European Science and Technology Policy: Towards Integration or Fragmentation? by Henri Delanghe, Ugur Muldur, Luc Soete

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