Just like different parts of the final examine, this reprt isn't in response to mixture facts. as an alternative, it provides an empirical photograph of the transition in imperative and japanese Europe as seen on the farm point, throughout the eyes of personal farmers and bosses of reorganizing farm organizations. those empirical findings, as a result of their extensive cross-country base and the opportunity of comparability with the previous Soviet Union, will supply new insights into the method of transition.
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Additional resources for Farm Restructuring and land tenure in reforming socialist economies: a comparative analysis of Eastern and Central Europe (286)
Farm managers in Albania report that, preceding the reforms, the farm enterprises they operated now were in most cases state farms and in some a subsidiary of an industrial enterprise. The reforms reduced these landholdings substantially; the land lost appears to have gone largely to other enterprises and private farmers. In most cases no change was made in the formal structure of the farm enterprise in the course of the reforms; the present structure is reported to be formally registered. In most cases the assets are pooled; only in one case have they been divided.
Where did the land they lost end up? 5). The bulk of the land appears to have gone to original owners in the cases of Romania and Hungary; in Bulgaria this part is smaller and in Albania or Poland original owners are no claimants: in Poland because most of the original owners are probably foreigners and in Albania because there was no willingness to consider such claims which would be at the expense of the workers at the former state enterprises. 4 Source: Survey of farm managers. Albania : Since 1990, more than 90% of private farmers got their land when a collective or state farm was broken up; the remaining farmers got land from the same source when they left the farms where they used to be employed.
Break The new farm enterprises hold their land under a mix of tenure types: one−third of the land is owned, a slightly lesser part is leased and no information was obtained/available for the remainder. Final title applies to only a very small part of the land that is owned: three−quarters is reported to be under provisional title. The main source of land is the former state or collective farms. Disputed ownership rights apply to 85% of all land owned by the new enterprises. These disputes entirely concern the transfer from previous state and collective farms.
Farm Restructuring and land tenure in reforming socialist economies: a comparative analysis of Eastern and Central Europe (286)