Download e-book for iPad: Field Guide to Spectroscopy by David W. Ball

By David W. Ball

ISBN-10: 0819463523

ISBN-13: 9780819463524

This box advisor covers a extensive spectrum of themes within the box of spectroscopy, condensing the topics to their necessities. As such, newbies can use this advisor to procure an summary of the sphere, and specialists can use it as a brief reference. starting with uncomplicated definitions and reasons, this advisor then describes the tools which are utilized in the field--from filters, lenses, mirrors, and modulators, to monochromators, interferometers, and detectors. a 3rd part outlines thought and techniques as they relate to spectroscopy: the Fourier rework, quantum mechanics, approximation equipment, nuclear magnetic resonance, and extra. extra gains contain a word list of variables and logos, and an equation summary.

Contents

- word list
- fundamentals
- Instrumental features
- thought and strategies
- Appendix
- Bibliography
- Index

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Example text

A mirror can take a collimated beam of light and focus the light at a point, called the focal point, F. The distance between the mirror and the focal point is called the focal length f of the mirror. For a spherical mirror, the focal length is half of the radius of curvature, R, of the mirror surface. A source of light located at the focal point produces a collimated beam of light after the rays reflect off the spherical mirror surface. An off-axis spherical mirror can be used so that the beam path of the collimated light is not blocked by the source.

Cu-Ni Type K Ni-Cr vs. Ni-Al Type E Ni-Cr vs. Cu-Ni Type T Cu vs. Cu-Ni Type S, R Pt-Rh vs. Pt Type N Ni-Cr-Si vs. Ni-Si-Mg A bolometer is a semiconductor or thin metal strip whose resistance decreases with temperature. They are small, and typically painted black to better absorb radiation. A Golay detector is a small pneumatic chamber filled with gas and covered with a thin membrane. When radiation strikes the detector, the gas warms, increasing the internal pressure and deforming the membrane.

Polyethylene is used in the far-IR. Beryllium windows are used in x-ray and gamma ray spectroscopy. A beamsplitter is an optical component that allows part of an electromagnetic beam to pass through and reflects the rest. Beamsplitters can be cemented right prisms or partially silvered mirrors. beamsplitter A waveguide is a rectangular or cylindrical tube that propagates radio waves or microwaves. They are mostly found in magnetic resonance spectrometers. Fiber optics can be thought of as a waveguide for visible light.

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Field Guide to Spectroscopy by David W. Ball


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