By International Monetary Fund
The worldwide monetary balance document, released 4 occasions a 12 months, presents well timed and entire assurance of mature and rising monetary markets and seeks to spot power fault traces within the worldwide economic climate which could bring about predicament. it really is designed to deepen figuring out of worldwide capital flows, which play a serious position as an engine of worldwide financial progress. The file replaces the once a year foreign Capital Markets, released considering the fact that 1980, and the digital quarterly, rising Markets Financing, released considering 2000.
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Additional resources for Global Financial Stability Report: Market Developments and Issue June 2002 (World Economic & Financial Surveys)
In the 1980s and early 1990s, insurance companies offered high guaranteed returns on insurance policies, reflecting the ability to earn very strong market returns on asset portfolios, high premium in- 4In the late 1990s, the positive results in Germany and Japan partly reflect accounting conventions that exclude some expenses or include investment income in the combined ratio. See Swiss Re (2001). 34 INSURANCE AND REINSURANCE FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES comes, and, in some countries, high minimum rates mandated by regulators.
If several major reinsurers simultaneously experienced financial stress, this could pose the risk for a large number of major primary insurers that their reinsurance hedges could fail to perform as expected, and leave many primary insurers with unhedged financial and insurance exposures. It is difficult to know how insurers would rebalance their activities and exposures to manage the sudden change in their risk profiles but adjustments could include cutbacks in the provision of insurance, withdrawals from capital markets, and attempts to unwind OTC derivatives hedges and liquidate part of their portfolios in order to return their financial and insurance risk profiles to more desirable positions.
S. Flow of Funds. 5Some of the shift in equity allocations may reflect stock price changes. In Japan, for example, the share of insurers’ assets allocated to shares shrank from 22 to 15 percent. 6. 4 billion Loans 26% Loans 38% Shares 22% Bills and bonds (nonresidents) 7% Other 7% Other 9% Bills and bonds (nonresidents) 14% Bills and bonds (residents) 11% Cash and deposits 6% Source: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. 7. 6 billion Cash and deposits 10% Other 14% Shares 61% Cash and deposits 6% Bills and bonds (residents) 17% Bills and bonds (nonresidents) 4% Loans 4% Bills and bonds (residents) 14% Loans 1% Bills and bonds (nonresidents) 4% Source: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.
Global Financial Stability Report: Market Developments and Issue June 2002 (World Economic & Financial Surveys) by International Monetary Fund