By Florian Coulmas
This publication offers an obtainable account of the origins and conceptual foundations of language coverage. Florian Coulmas discusses the impact of twenty intellectuals from medieval to fashionable instances, and from numerous cultures, who've taken factor with language, its use, improvement, and political capability. those 'guardians of language' variety from well known figures equivalent to Dante, Noah Webster, and Gandhi, to much less recognized members resembling the Spanish grammarian Antonio de Nebrija and Senegalese baby-kisser and poet Leopold Sedar Senghor. each one bankruptcy starts off by way of offering heritage info at the student whose paintings is being reviewed and ends with a precis of his key recommendations on language within the kind of an imaginary interview.
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Extra resources for Guardians of language : twenty voices through history
Published 2016 by Oxford University Press. 31 OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 29/12/2015, SPi Dante Alighieri 2005), and was sometimes instructed by a private tutor (Lewis 2001: 25). Scant records exist about Dante’s youth. His childhood love for Beatrice Portinari became a deﬁning force in his life, a love at ﬁrst sight that was idealized and never consummated. By virtue of conjugal contract between families, he married Gemma di Manetto Donati, who bore him four children. Beatrice, too, was married to another man, but she remained an inspiration for his writing after her premature death in 1290 and throughout his entire life.
In the south of Europe, further splits have produced a tripartite division between those who say oc, those who say oïl, and those who say sì answering a question in the afﬁrmative, that is, respectively, the Hispanics, the French, and the Italians. This famous distinction would reverberate through the ages and is 39 OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 29/12/2015, SPi Dante Alighieri still used today, though in a slightly displaced form, associating oc with Provençal rather than Spanish Romance. IX) Dante ventures into uncharted territory ‘in which I can be supported by no authority’, that is, the causes of variation in language.
Written between 1302 and 1305 and never published in his lifetime, De vulgari eloquentia provided a solid theoretical foundation not only for bringing elaborate literature closer to the people but also for unifying in some measure the language of the Italian peninsula. The vulgar tongue Dante wrote De vulgari eloquentia in elegant Latin prose, for it was the educated literati he meant to address and who would eventually, long after his death, refer to this treatise in the sixteenth century, when renewed interest in linguistic questions prompted a debate concerning the criteria to be met by a proper literary Italian language.
Guardians of language : twenty voices through history by Florian Coulmas