By A. Basile (Eds.)
Membrane reactors are more and more exchanging traditional separation, approach and conversion applied sciences throughout quite a lot of purposes. Exploiting complicated membrane fabrics, they provide more desirable potency, are very adaptable and feature nice financial capability. There has accordingly been expanding curiosity in membrane reactors from either the medical and commercial groups, stimulating study and improvement. the 2 volumes of the guide of membrane reactors draw in this examine to supply an authoritative evaluation of this crucial field.
Volume 2 studies reactor kinds and commercial purposes, starting partly one with a dialogue of chosen sorts of membrane reactor and integration of the expertise with commercial techniques. half is going directly to discover using membrane reactors in chemical and large-scale hydrogen construction from fossil fuels. Electrochemical units and shipping functions of membrane reactors are the focal point of half 3, ahead of half 4 considers using membrane reactors in environmental engineering, biotechnology and medication. eventually, the ebook concludes with a dialogue of the industrial features of membrane reactors.
With its individual editor and foreign staff of specialist individuals, the 2 volumes of the guide of membrane reactors offer an authoritative advisor for membrane reactor researchers and fabrics scientists, chemical and biochemical brands, business separations and strategy engineers, and lecturers during this field.
- Discusses integration of membrane expertise with commercial processes
- Explores using membrane reactors in chemical and large-scale hydrogen construction from fossil fuels
- Considers electrochemical units and delivery functions of membrane reactors
Read Online or Download Handbook of Membrane Reactors. Volume 1 Reactor Types and Industrial Applications PDF
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Extra resources for Handbook of Membrane Reactors. Volume 1 Reactor Types and Industrial Applications
The process does not depend on a difference in density between the cells and the media. • A filter aid is not required. 01 to 10 mm. The choice of pore size used is dependent on the desired clarity of the filtrate and the size of the cells/debris to be filtered. Cross-flow filtration (CFF; see Fig. 2) can provide a higher filtration flux than dead-end filtration (DEF, Fig. 3). This is because the liquid flows parallel to the membrane surface. 2 Scheme of CFF membrane systems in the separation of cells.
A great number of enzymatic reactions can be described by the well-known Michaelis–Menten equation rate, which was initially proposed by Henri, and then improved by Briggs and Haldane (Bailey and Ollis, 1986; Laidler and Bunting, 1973). 1] where Rk and RMAX are the actual and the maximum reaction rates, generally expressed as mol/(m3 s) or as g/(m3 s), S is the substrate concentration, KM is the Michaelis constant and has the same dimensions of S, that is, mol/m3 or g/m3, E0 is the total enzyme concentration and is expressed as the moles of enzyme/m3 or as the grams of enzyme/m3.
The mechanisms of enzyme catalytic actions are much more complex than those used to describe traditional catalysis, since enzyme configuration itself is strongly affected by the reaction environment and by the presence of specific substrates. Experimental investigations, as well as theoretical analyses, confirm the existence of a substrate−enzyme complex. The substrate binds to the enzyme active site, where reaction occurs and where the products are released. In order to promote this binding, the enzyme protein chain requires certain properties (Bernhard, 1968; Dixon and Webb, 1979; Lenhinger, 1975).
Handbook of Membrane Reactors. Volume 1 Reactor Types and Industrial Applications by A. Basile (Eds.)