By Lucie Cerna
This ebook examines the adaptation in high-skilled immigration guidelines in OECD nations. those nations face monetary and social pressures from slowing productiveness, growing older populations and urgent labour shortages. to handle those inter-related demanding situations, the possibility of the worldwide labour industry has to be harnessed. international locations have to accentuate their efforts to draw proficient humans – the simplest and the brightest. whereas a few are excelling during this new industry, others lag in the back of. The booklet explores the explanations for this, analysing the interaction among pursuits and associations. It considers the main function of coalitions among labour (both excessive- and low-skilled) and capital. primary to the research is a newly developed index of openness to high-skilled immigrants, supplemented through distinctive case reviews of France, Germany, Sweden, the uk and the U.S.. The ebook contributes to the literature on immigration, political economic climate and public coverage, and appeals to educational and coverage audiences.
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Additional info for Immigration Policies and the Global Competition for Talent
OECD. 2003. Labour shortages and the need for immigrants: A review of recent studies. In OECD SOPEMI 2003, 103–127. Paris: OECD. OECD. 2012. International migration outlook (SOPEMI 2012). Paris: OECD. OECD. 2014. International migration outlook (SOPEMI 2014). Paris: OECD. OECD/European Union. 2014. Matching economic migration with labour market needs. Paris: OECD. Tanaka. 2008. Hybrid immigrant-selection systems: The next generation of economic migration schemes. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute.
PREFERENCES, INSTITUTIONS, COALITIONS AND POLICIES The literature presents broad definitions of high-skilled immigrants, but I concentrate solely on primary legal labour immigrants who come with tertiary education to the receiving country. I adopt a more restrictive definition of HSI than some commonly used ones because the focus of my work lies on HSI policies for specific sectors with higher educational levels (often a master’s or a PhD degree). These are mainly internationally exposed and competitive sectors: for instance, ICT, engineering, hi-tech and biotechnology, which have been hit the hardest with labour shortages due to changes in the global economy.
Taylor, and J. Williamson, 65–117. Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research. Compete America. 2014. Compete America launches jobs loss calculator. Compete America, Press release, March 19. , P. Martin, and J. Hollifield. 1994. Controlling immigration: A global perspective. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Council. 2009. Council Directive 2009/50/EC of 25 May 2009 on the conditions of entry and residence of third-country nationals for the purposes of highly qualified employment. Brussels: Council of Ministers.
Immigration Policies and the Global Competition for Talent by Lucie Cerna