By Bartel Van De Walle, Murray Turoff, Starr Roxanne Hiltz
This e-book presents the most up-tp-date and complete evaluate to be had this day of the severe position of knowledge structures in emergency reaction and preparedness. It contains contributions from major students, practitioners, and researchers, and covers all stages of catastrophe administration - mitigation, preparedness, reaction, and restoration. 'Foundational' chapters offer a layout framework and overview moral matters. 'Context' chapters describe the features of people and corporations within which EMIS are designed and studied. 'Case learn' chapters contain platforms for disbursed microbiology laboratory diagnostics to notice attainable epidemics or bioterrorism, humanitarian MIS, and reaction coordination structures. 'Systems layout and know-how' chapters hide simulation, geocollaborative structures, worldwide catastrophe effect research, and environmental possibility research. in the course of the booklet, the editors and individuals provide particular emphasis to the significance of assessing the sensible usefulness of recent info platforms for helping emergency preparedness and reaction, instead of drawing conclusions from a theoretical figuring out of the aptitude advantages of recent applied sciences.
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Extra info for Information Systems for Emergency Management (Advances in Management Information Systems)
The socalled DRC (Disaster Research Center) typology characterizes responding organizations in terms of the relationship between the organization’s everyday activities and operating structure, and those it assumes during a response. 2): Established organizations normally engage in response activities, and their operational structure is unchanged during responses. Expanding organizations routinely engage in response activities, however, they must expand their operational structure to do so, typically by recruiting volunteers.
Responses to differently scaled events differ in the amount of and dependence on emergent behaviors and organizations (spontaneous responses by individuals and organizations not normally Disaster Catastrophic disaster Only part of single community and official jurisdiction affected Hours–weeks Local emergency Scope Duration Terms adopted here Sources: Quarantelli (2005) and Dynes (1998). S. S. 2 DRC Typology of Organizations Participating in Response Tasks Same as pre-disaster Operational Organizational Structure New Routine I.
The framework focuses on three categories of problem features, related to users, tasks, and contexts, respectively. These are key categories of problem features in any user interface design problem, and the framework concentrates on characteristics that are peculiar to disaster response, including responder procedural and declarative knowledge, task generalizability and structure, physical and informational resources offered by the working context. While applicable to any technology used in response, the framework is aimed primarily at information technologies.
Information Systems for Emergency Management (Advances in Management Information Systems) by Bartel Van De Walle, Murray Turoff, Starr Roxanne Hiltz