By Maher Abu-Munshar
Islamic Jerusalem has a unique position within the hearts of the 3 monotheistic religions. all through its heritage it's been the location of tolerance and tensions. Islamic Jerusalem and its Christians provides a serious examine old occasions throughout the time of 2 key figures within the background of Islam: to begin with Caliph 'Umar Ibn Al-Khattab, who performed a severely vital position within the delivery and unfold of Islam. Secondly Sultan Salah al-Din, the mythical 'Saladdin' of Western Crusader lore, whose peace negotiations with Richard the Lion-Heart, King of britain Abu Munshar brings to existence the following. This pioneering research makes use of large unique learn to discover Muslim therapy of non-Muslims within the seventh Century and within the heart a while. A necessary resource of reference for all drawn to Islamic and heart jap reports, faith and Medieval background, Islamic Jerusalem and its Christians establishes and develops new facts for tutorial debate.
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Extra info for Islamic Jerusalem and its Christians: A History of Tolerance and Tensions
5. Not to commit a highway robbery. 6. Not to support a spy. 7. Not to write to the enemy about the situation of the Muslims. 8. 132 ISLAMIC SOURCES AND THE TREATMENT OF NON-MUSLIMS 37 It is obvious that a citizen in any state must have a set of rights and, in return, certain obligations. These rights and obligations keep in society in balance and guide the state in its dealings with individuals and groups. In the case of dhimmi citizens, the above rights seem to be fair and to indicate the spirit of tolerance in Islam.
741 AH/ 1340 CE) states that Muslims should allow dhimmis to live in the Muslim state, and assure them of protection regarding their lives and property. 125 Non-Muslims should be left alone to be governed by their own personal laws, and Muslim state should not interfere with these. There are many verses in the Qur’an, along with prophetic traditions, that prohibit Muslims from showing injustice and from attacking others in general. The first Muslim caliphs used to ask about the situation of non-Muslims whenever nonMuslims from neighbouring provinces came to Madinah.
I invite you to embrace Islam so that you may live in security. If you come within the fold of Islam, God will give you double reward, but in the case where you turn your back upon it, then the burden of the sins of all your people shall fall on your shoulders. [The message then quotes the following Qur’anic verse] ‘Say O People of the Book! 146 In the letter to the King of Abyssinia, he wrote: This letter is sent from Muhammad, the Prophet to Negus al-Ashama, King of Abyssinia. Peace be upon him who follows true guidance and believes in God and His Messenger.
Islamic Jerusalem and its Christians: A History of Tolerance and Tensions by Maher Abu-Munshar