By Jennifer L. Lawless, Richard L. Fox
This crucial paintings constitutes a scientific, national empirical account of the consequences of gender on political ambition. in keeping with facts from the Citizen Political Ambition examine, a countrywide survey of 3,800 "potential candidates" performed by way of the authors, it relates those findings: --Women, even on the optimum degrees accomplishment, are considerably much less most probably than males to illustrate ambition to run for non-compulsory workplace. --Women are much less most likely than males to be recruited to run for workplace. --Women are much less most likely than males to contemplate themselves "qualified" to run for place of work. --Women are much less most likely than males to specific a willingness to run for a destiny place of work. in line with the authors, this gender hole in political ambition persists throughout generations, regardless of modern society's altering attitudes in the direction of woman applicants. whereas different remedies of gender within the electoral strategy concentrate on applicants and place of work holders, It Takes a Candidate makes a distinct contribution to political stories by means of targeting the sooner phases of the candidate emergence procedure and on how gender impacts the choice to hunt non-compulsory office.
"It Takes a Candidate bargains new facts and perception on relevant problems with political illustration and democratic politics. Lawless and Fox have carried out an incredible examine of the basis motives of why girls are underrepresented between American officeholders. by means of investigating political ambition between participants in feeder occupations, they develop our realizing with new concept and facts. The booklet, in addition, is written in a completely enticing and available demeanour and should entice someone taken with styles serious to the operation of yankee democracy." Walter J. Stone, college of California, Davis
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Additional info for It Takes a Candidate: Why Women Don't Run for Office
At the time of the Meet the Press interview, Hillary Clinton led the Democratic frontrunner by more than thirty points. Michelle Nunn would have had a clear route to her party’s nomination for the Senate seat. Yet both women passed on these opportunities. The decision to run for office, or not to run, is complicated and strategic. In the case of Hillary Clinton, many pundits might conclude that her decision not to seek the nomination in 2004 reflected her belief that she would be better positioned to run for president in 2008.
Chapter 2 identifies and evaluates the leading explanations for the slow pace at which women move into elected positions. We establish political ambition as the critical missing link in the research that explores women’s underrepresentation. In developing our theory of political ambition, we argue that it is essential to focus on the earliest stages of the candidate emergence process. Thus, we propose a twostage conception of the process: considering a candidacy and deciding to enter an actual race.
Evidence suggests that stereotyping about candidate competence to govern in a political context dominated by the “war on terrorism” may work to the detriment of women candidates, at least at the presidential level (Lawless 2004b). Discrimination in the electoral process has clearly grown more subtle over time. Overt discrimination no longer prevents women’s aggregate level electoral success, and episodes of clear bias against women candidates are far less pervasive than they were even two decades ago.
It Takes a Candidate: Why Women Don't Run for Office by Jennifer L. Lawless, Richard L. Fox