Richard Sims's Japanese Political History Since the Meiji Restoration, PDF

By Richard Sims

ISBN-10: 1850654476

ISBN-13: 9781850654476

From the again cover:

Modern Japan's political heritage has been eventful and turbulent. the rustic remodeled itself from a decentralised feudal regime right into a modernising countryside, which then deviated from that course within the Thirties in the direction of militarism, fascism and pan-Asianism, a direction which resulted in the Pacific conflict after which to defeat, profession and the imposition of an absolutely democratic constitution.
This publication explores the Meiji upkeep (conventionally yet misleadingly termed Restoration); the regulations of the samurai modernisers who ruled the Meiji executive; the quick visual appeal of liberal political events; the advent of a German-style structure and the evolution of a 'politics of compromise' out of the early parliamentary clash; the broadening of political task and cognizance with the arriving of 'Taisho democracy'; the renewed and occasionally fanatical emphasis on nationwide team spirit within the Nineteen Thirties; the wartime adjustments within the political approach; the novel postwar reforms and the 'reverse course'; the 4 a long time of Liberal Democratic occasion dominance after the profession; and the shake-up of jap politics through the 1990s.
No different paintings has lined eastern political historical past on the grounds that 1868 in such aspect, and the current quantity fills the space among normal histories of contemporary Japan and the monographic literature.
RICHARD SIMS has taught sleek jap historical past on the institution of Oriental and African reviews, collage of London, on the grounds that 1966. His prior books contain sleek Japan (1973) and French coverage in the direction of the Bakufu and Meiji Japan, 1854-1895 (1998).

Table of Contents:
A word ON jap NAMES
THE altering worth OF THE YEN
Japan within the mid-nineteenth century
The explanations of the Meiji Ishin
The institution and consolidation of the Meiji government
Obstacles to centralising reform
The abolition of feudal domains
The acceleration of modernisation
Political department and the 1873 governmental crisis
The ascendancy of Okubo
The disestablishment of the samurai and the Satsuma rebellion
The personality of the Meiji government
2. THE CONSOLIDATION OF THE MEIJI country AND the expansion OF POLITICAL competition, 1878-90
The consolidation of the Meiji state
The People's Rights movement
The 1881 political crisis
The first nationwide political parties
The People's Rights flow within the 1880s
The Meiji government's reaction to the People's Rights movement
The first nutrition sessions
The Ito cupboard and the Jiyuto
The 1898 deadlock and the Kenseito cabinet
The Yamagata cupboard and the Kenseito
The formation of the Seiyukai
Politics below the 1st Katsura cabinet
The Hibiya Park riots
The declining function of the elder statesmen
The political technique of Hara Takashi
The moment Katsura cupboard and the Seiyukai
The moment Saionji cupboard and the loss of life of the Emperor
The Taisho political crisis
The social and ideological heritage of the Taisho political crisis
The aftermath of the Taisho political crisis
The Okuma cupboard and the increase of the Doshikai
The Terauchi cupboard and the resurgence of the Seiyukai
The rice riots and the Hara cabinet
5. occasion cupboards, RADICAL hobbies AND THE cave in OF TAISHO DEMOCRACY, 1918-32
The post-war ferment
The guidelines of the Hara cabinet
Seiyukai disunity and non-party cabinets
Reform and response lower than the Kato cabinet
The Wakatsuki cupboard and its difficulties
Formation of the Minseito and the 1928 election
The repressive guidelines and political problems of the Tanaka cabinet
Financial retrenchment and the Naval obstacles controversy
The melancholy and screw ups of the Minseito cabinet
Military subversion and the Mukden Incident
The cave in of the second one Wakatsuki cabinet
The Inukai cupboard and the may perhaps fifteenth Incident
The weaknesses of political parties
'Taisho Democracy' and the hot social movements
Left-wing political parties
6. THE PURSUIT OF larger nationwide team spirit AND THE struggle kingdom, 1932-45
The upsurge of fundamentalist nationalism
The divisions inside of jap ultranationalism
The Saito cabinet
The Okada cupboard and the Minobe affair
Factional fight within the army
The February twenty sixth Incident
The elevate in army effect on government
The partial social gathering revival and the Hayashi cabinet
The first Konoe cupboard and the China Incident
The Hiranuma and Abe cabinets
The Yonai cupboard and the recent occasion movement
Konoe and the recent political structure
The emasculation of the recent structure
Politics and overseas coverage in 1941
Tojo, the 1942 election and war-time politics
The progress of competition to Tojo
The Koiso and Suzuki cupboards and the peace party
The determination to surrender
Conservative expectancies and preliminary career policy
Constitutional reform
The revival of political parties
The 1946 election and the purge of Hatoyama
The first Yoshida cupboard and the problem of the Left
Socialist-led coalition government
The switch in American coverage and the go back to conservative control
The finish of the Occupation
8. THE '1955 procedure' AND THE period OF L.D.P. DOMINANCE, 1952-93
The patience of yankee influence
Conservative department and Yoshida's ousting
Socialist merger and the formation of the Liberal Democratic Party
The Hatoyama cupboard and the response opposed to the Occupation
Kishi's upward push to power
Kishi and defense Treaty revision
Political conciliation and fiscal development less than Ikeda
The Sato cupboard and political switch within the 1960s
The retrocession of Okinawa
Relations with China and the top of the Sato cabinet
The Tanaka cabinet's goals and setbacks
The Miki cupboard and the stumbling blocks to political reform
The Lockheed scandal and the Fukuda cabinet
LDP factional clash and the Ohira cabinet's lack of a nutrition majority
The conservative revival
The Suzuki cupboard and administrative reform
Nakasone's new approach
The Liberal Democratic Party's 1986 election success
Introduction of the intake tax
The Recruit scandal and the cave in of the Takeshita and Uno cabinets
The cave in of the 'bubble economic system' and the influence of the Gulf Crisis
The Sagawa scandal and the Liberal Democratic Party's fall from power
The purposes for the LDP's lengthy dominance
9. THE SHAKE-UP OF eastern POLITICS, 1993-2000
The Hosokawa coalition and its reform measures
The conservative-Social Democratic coalition, 1994-6
The New Frontier get together and the 1996 election
The Hashimoto cupboard and the LDP setback in 1998
The Obuchi cupboard and the LDP-Liberal Party-Komeito coalition
The eastern political state of affairs at the start of the twenty-first century

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Extra resources for Japanese Political History Since the Meiji Restoration, 1868-2000

Example text

However, within a month the outbreak had been suppressed by Choshu forces themselves. The effect of the Choshu uprisings was to increase the differ­ ence between Choshu and Satsuma. In the former the element which was opposed to established authority had been defeated; in the latter it was in partial control. Against this background Satsuma obstreperousness increasingly emerged in 1 870 as the maj or poten­ tial threat to the Meiji government, and the relationship between Okubo and Kido, whose characters and life-styles were very differ­ ent, became more tense.

1 46 . . Obstacles to centralising reform 21 the actions o f Satsuma which provoked Kido's comment, for i t was in September 1 870 that a further move by the Meiji government to limit han autonomy led to the sudden departure from Tokyo of the Satsuma representative, Ijichi Masaharu, and the simultaneous re­ call to Kagoshima of the Satsuma troops employed in the protection of the capital. Not only did these actions give rise to concern that Satsuma might ignore the new han regulations which were about to be approved, but there were even rumours that Saigo Takamori might lead a force against Tokyo and attempt another coup d'etat.

At this juncture, as on various later occasions, the determination of Okubo and his close ally, the court noble lwakura Tomomi, proved decisive . Not only did they insist on going ahead with the planned seizure of the imperial pal­ ace, but in its aftermath, when Y oshinobu gave encouragement to the elements favouring compromise by offering to discuss a settle­ ment and by withdrawing to Osaka, Okubo refused to agree to anything short of the surrender of all the land directly held by the Shogun.

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Japanese Political History Since the Meiji Restoration, 1868-2000 by Richard Sims

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