Land of Many Hands: Women in the American West by Harriet Sigerman PDF

By Harriet Sigerman

ISBN-10: 0195099427

ISBN-13: 9780195099423

ISBN-10: 1423774108

ISBN-13: 9781423774105

"Come alongside, come along--don't be alarmed,/Uncle Sam is wealthy sufficient to provide us all a farm."--popular 1852 camp track From 1840 to 1910, the western quarter of the us used to be the level for dramatic and infrequently tumultuous encounters among humans of various cultural backgrounds. This was once a interval of feverish improvement of western lands, frequently with tragic results for local peoples as homesteaders encroached upon historic lands and cultures. American women--Hispanic, African-American, Asian, and eu whites--played a sought after position within the migration out West. They raised households, plowed land and planted corn, panned for gold and cleared forests for brand new houses, opened faculties and ran boardinghouses and saloons, grew to become ranchers, missionaries, newshounds, peddlers, and path publications. ladies helped to construct groups and push the limits of the USA to the Pacific. They got here west as homesteaders and lecturers, artists and reporters, prostitutes and outlaws, physicians and activists, domestics and nursemaids, and a myriad of alternative occupations. And anyplace they settled they left an indelible mark at the land and at the nation's future. In Land of Many fingers, writer Harriet Sigerman uncovers the interesting tales of girls within the American West utilizing fundamental assets and records (many by no means ahead of published). one of the ladies featured are: Sarah Winnemucca, spokeswoman for the Piutes; women's rights activist Abigail Scott Duniway of Oregon; Narcissa Whitman, missionary to the Cayuse Indians of Oregon; Alice Fletcher, pioneer anthropologist, an recommend for the Omaha and Nez Perc? Indians; Mary Elizabeth Blair, an African-American genuine property agent; newshounds Elizabeth Barstow Stoddard of San Francisco and Charlotte Spears Bass of la; Mary Josephine Welch ("Chicago Joe"), owner of the crimson gentle Saloon in Helena, Montana; Mary E. rent, orator for the populist social gathering; and Mrs. E. J. Guerin ("Mountain Charley"), a path consultant who made her residing disguised as a guy.

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Extra resources for Land of Many Hands: Women in the American West

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These settlements became known as “jumping off ” places where settlers could replenish the supplies they had already used up, fix broken wagon parts or replace lame oxen, and organize themselves into wagon trains for the real journey ahead. Today, travelers can cross the 2,400-mile stretch from the Missouri River to California in four days by car. By wagon, the journey often took seven months at a pace of 10 to 20 miles a day. Settlers who started out in mid-April did not reach their new homes in Oregon or California until November.

Most travelers from the East and Midwest chose the less expensive overland route. Who were these people? People of the middle class, neither very rich nor poor, and mostly white. Most 51 Land of Many Hands emigrants had already made one or more moves in search of better land, or they were the children of parents who had moved before. They were used to uprooting themselves for a new start. Some settlers had owned or cleared land before, and most were young—between the ages of 16 and 35. The first gold rushers to converge on California were mostly men, but soon more families migrated to the gold fields and farmlands of California.

When California became a state in 1850, Hispanic women had to adhere to new state laws that gave their husbands control over their property. In 1860, the state legislature passed a new inheritance law, which affected all California citizens, including Hispanics: Upon a wife’s death, property that once went to her children now went to her husband, leaving female children in particular dependent upon their fathers. Many Hispanics feared that American settlers and soldiers would harm them. S. purchased that portion of land from Mexico, many Hispanic residents fled with them.

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Land of Many Hands: Women in the American West by Harriet Sigerman

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