By James H Fowler
Such a lot learn on two-party elections has thought of the final result as a unmarried, dichotomous occasion: both one or the opposite social gathering wins. during this groundbreaking ebook, James Fowler and Oleg Smirnov examine no longer simply who wins, yet via how a lot, they usually marshal compelling facts that mandates-in the shape of margin of victory-matter. utilizing theoretical types, desktop simulation, conscientiously designed experiments, and empirical facts, the authors express that once an election the coverage positions of either events flow within the course most popular via the successful party-and they movement much more if the victory is huge. additionally, Fowler and Smirnov not just convey that the divergence among the coverage positions of the events is maximum while the former election was once shut, but additionally that coverage positions are extra prompted via electoral volatility and ideological polarization.
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Additional info for Mandates, Parties, and Voters: How Elections Shape the Future (Social Logic of Politics)
Adams et al. 2003). By introducing Bayesian learning into the well-known spatial context, we allow policy-motivated parties to use their past experience to estimate the location of the median voter in the present. 1). The most important implication of the model is that mandates matter. An increase in the winning party's vote share in the previous election helps the winner and hurts the loser because it causes both parties to shift their platforms for the next election in the direction of the winner's ideal point.
S. politics. In contrast to past analytical efforts that assume party ideal points are symmetric about the median voter, we analyze the effect of asymmetric ideal points on party behavior. Scholars have typically assumed that extremity provokes extremity, but our model shows that when one party becomes more extreme in its ideal point the other party responds by offering a more moderate platform. This suggests a perverse incentive. If activists with extreme ideal points can manipulate the ideal point of their party they can pull not only their own party's platform, but also the opponent party's platform toward their ideal point.
The theoretical model in Chapter 2 suggests that parties respond dynamically to past elections in the following way: winning parties move toward the extremes to satisfy their own preferences, whereas losers move toward the center in order to improve their chances of winning the next election. l • From James H. Fowler. 2005. S. Senate. American Journal of Political Science 49(2):299-312. Reprinted courtesy of Blackwell Publishing. S. SENATE 37 This is because previous election results give parties district-specific information about the location of the median voter.
Mandates, Parties, and Voters: How Elections Shape the Future (Social Logic of Politics) by James H Fowler