By Edward Mack
Emphasizing how modes of e-book creation, promoting, and intake form rules of literary worth, Edward Mack examines the position of Japan’s publishing in defining sleek jap literature. within the past due 19th century and early 20th, as cultural and fiscal strength consolidated in Tokyo, the city’s literary and publishing elites got here to dominate the dissemination and maintenance of eastern literature. As Mack explains, they conferred cultural worth on specific works by means of developing prizes and multivolume anthologies
that signaled literary benefit. One such anthology, the Complete Works of up to date jap Literature (published among 1926 and 1931), supplied many readers with their first event of chosen texts detailed as smooth eastern literature. The low cost of 1 yen according to quantity allowed the sequence to arrive millions of readers. An early prize for contemporary jap literature, the yearly Akutagawa Prize, first offered in 1935, grew to become the country’s highest-profile literary award. Mack chronicles the heritage of publication construction and intake in Japan, exhibiting how advances in know-how, the growth of a marketplace for literary commodities, and the improvement of an intensive examining neighborhood enabled phenomena similar to the Complete Works of latest jap Literature and the Akutagawa Prize to fabricate the very thought of contemporary jap literature.
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Additional resources for Manufacturing Modern Japanese Literature: Publishing, Prizes, and the Ascription of Literary Value
In the production of paper there were two key advances. First, papermaking machines were mechanized through the use of the Fourdrinier machine, which was invented in 1798 but not put into widespread use until Modernity as Rupture 23 around 1830. Second, in order to provide the raw materials necessary for the productive capacity of these papermaking machines, processes were developed to use wood pulp rather than rags. This change occurred in the second half of the nineteenth century. The new machines were capable of producing continuous rolls of paper miles in length, essential for the highspeed presses that were produced around the same time.
In addition it is likely that his customers could have ordered any book or magazine published in Tokyo if—and these are signiﬁcant caveats—they were aware of it and had the money. Once placed, these special orders took time to reach the customers; apparently it often took seven days to two weeks for books and magazines Chapter 1 44 to arrive. A newspaper article from 1899 reports that it took seven days for a copy of the literary magazine Shinsh¯osetsu (New Fiction) to arrive. This special-order magazine was also more expensive for the rural reader: 23 sen, despite having a cover price of 15 or 16 sen.
The second major structural shift was from ﬁnal sales to consignment sales, a move made possible by the new economic logic of scale. Because of the dropping cost to publishers of the single unit of production—whether newspaper, magazine, or book—any individual unit produced became dispensable. This led to a major shift in the way print was sold, to a system capable of bearing signiﬁcant numbers of unsold units for the sake of exposure. Publishers began accepting returns in exchange for the ability to reach a far larger market, and bookstores were much more willing to accept stock from publishers that accepted returns because this allowed them to carry far more merchandise without bearing any risk themselves.
Manufacturing Modern Japanese Literature: Publishing, Prizes, and the Ascription of Literary Value by Edward Mack