By P. Carrick
The concept of reviewing the moral matters of old medication with a watch as to how they could coach us in regards to the tremendous energetic disputes of our personal modern medication is one of these common one who it surprises us to actual ize how very sluggish we now have been to pursue it in a sustained way_ Ideologues have frequently seized at the very identify of Hippocrates to shut off debate approximately such concerns as abortion and euthanasia - as though by means of entice a well known and sacred authority that no expert individual might care or dare to oppose_ And but, underneath the well mannered fakery of such reference, we've got disadvantaged our selves of a familiarity with the surely 'unsimple' number of Greek and Roman reflections at the nice questions of scientific ethics. The fascination of improving these perspectives without doubt depends upon one lovely truism at the least: people sicken and die; they have to be cared for through people who find themselves socially recommended to specialise in the duty; and the alterations within the rounds of human lifestyles are rather a lot a similar from precedent days to our personal that the disputes and agreements of the earlier are remarkably just like these of our own.
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Additional resources for Medical Ethics in Antiquity: Philosophical Perspectives on Abortion and Euthanasia
As to the different philosophical tendencies and treatment strategies represented by the four sects under discussion, scholars have so far reached no clear consensus on the detailed beliefs associated with each sect. Nor would it serve the basic aims of this inquiry to set forth here their conflicting assessments. But in general it can be usefully noted that the Dogmatists emphasized inferring the hidden causes of disease from manifest symptoms. They were greatly influenced by the humoral theory of the Hippocratic authors as well as by the teleological orientation of Plato's Timaeus, which they quoted chapter and verse.
Furthermore, when the black bile was in proper equilibrium with the other three humors, its qualities of dryness and coldness (see chart, above) stood in a proportion productive of health. Now, however, suppose the patient evidenced cold chills and suffered further from constipation. These symptoms suggested an excess inside the body of the qualities cold and dry respectively. The contraries of cold and dry are, according to the above chart, hot and moist. This information provided the basis for a treatment plan based on a seemingly rational framework.
It was held that the fundamental reason one must breathe is that the heart needs to be cooled lest it be damaged by excessively hot temperatures. Having established that innate heat is an essential part of man's nature, the fifth principle of natural healing follows from the yet further consideration best introduced by the Hippocratic author of the treatise Epidemics. "Nature," he writes, "is the physician of diseases. " 11 This observation led fmally to the fifth principle which states: (a) that nature is a cooperative force which works through each person to bring the diseased body back into that often delicate balance which defines health; and (b) the task of the physician is to understand the workings of nature, to prescribe only those therapies that will support nature, and do nothing that might impede the natural healing processes.
Medical Ethics in Antiquity: Philosophical Perspectives on Abortion and Euthanasia by P. Carrick