By Donald Woodward
This examine redresses the North and South imbalance of a lot of the paintings in British fiscal and social background through concentrating on the effect of the development alternate. The interval 1450-1750 witnessed big adjustments in England, together with the dimensions of nationwide inhabitants, the diversity of undefined, agricultural recommendations, and the share of inhabitants tied to the soil. utilizing resources from neighborhood data, the writer addresses stipulations of labor within the construction trades, degrees of remuneration, gender variations in paintings, and relationships with employers.
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Extra info for Men at Work: Labourers and Building Craftsmen in the Towns of Northern England, 1450-1750
It is tempting to assume that a small group of men, frequently appearing together in the accounts in the same order, were the employees of the first named. But we cannot be sure. During the 1620s, four Hull carpenters - Robert Iveson, James Brasbrick, William Penrose, and William Watherton - normally worked together, and they may well have comprised a single business unit. 69 Such groupings recur frequently in the northern records, but if they did form individual businesses, they were not large.
99 New members swore an oath to abide by the regulations: they vowed to obey their leaders; to act in a brotherly fashion towards each other at all times; to deal honestly with all men; to attend gild meetings and feasts; to pay their small dues of a few pence each quarter; to be present at the burial of brother craftsmen or their wives; to keep the rules relating to the employment of apprentices and journeymen; to refrain from the employment of non-licensed outsiders; to do work of good quality; and to keep the secrets of the gild, or aptly named 'mystery'.
VCH Hull, 149. S w a n s o n 1989. Ibid. For an extended discussion of the role of the widow see below pp. 84-91. Woodward 1970a, 89-90. 1. 3 Source: VCH Hull, 150. Despite all the qualifications, freemen's rolls do provide some interesting information about urban occupations. 62 For other northern towns information on the occupational structure is either scanty, or, as in the case of Beverley and Hull, highly unsatisfactory. 7 per cent. 5 per cent in the metal trades. 63 For Hull, material is also available from both the freemen's rolls and the parish registers.
Men at Work: Labourers and Building Craftsmen in the Towns of Northern England, 1450-1750 by Donald Woodward