By Camille Saint-Macary
The Doi Moi reforms initiated in Vietnam in 1986 to steer the transition from a centrally-planned to a market-oriented economic system have entailed deep institutional modifications. on the nationwide point, achievements were remarkable, the excessive fiscal progress in all sectors of the economic system have authorised to divide poverty occurrence by way of 3 within the kingdom considering 1993. Mountainous areas and its population, despite the fact that, have lagged at the back of within the procedure. There, the combo of poverty and the degradation of common assets continues to be a urgent factor. Drawing on a conceptual framework that highlights the determinant position of associations within the poverty-environment nexus, this publication investigates the assets of good fortune and failure within the present institutional framework to handle ambitions of fairness, fiscal development and environmental sustainability in Vietnam’s mountains. The empirical research makes use of an unique dataset accumulated in a rural district and examines 3 serious dimensions: the definition of land rights, the functioning of credits markets, and the formation of social capital.
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Extra info for Microeconomic Impacts of Institutional Change in Vietnam's Northern Uplands: Empirical Studies on Social Capital, Land and Credit Institutions
Drawing on a conceptual framework that underlines the role of institutions and resulting incentive structure in addressing the nexus, the thesis examines the functioning and impact of three institutional dimensions – land institutions, financial markets, and social capital – that play a critical role in and are particularly relevant to the current context of Vietnam’s uplands. 3 which provides background information on Vietnam’s land reform and the rural finance policy. 4 details the specific objectives and reveals the research hypotheses tested research.
Rather, it seems that the issuance of formal land titles has not necessarily led to increased tenure security and to higher investments on land. Legal pluralism and the co-existence of formal and informal land institutions have been identified as one cause of inefficiency of land institutions, causing in addition high enforcement costs (Platteau, 1996; Meinzen-Dick and Pradhan, 2003). Absent or imperfect labour or credit markets may as well limit investment capacities and the efficient allocation of land among farmers, making land institutions inefficient.
1. Five ethnic groups are represented in our sample, the Thai (75%), the H’Mong (15%), and the Kinh (9%). Other groups (the Sinh Mun an Kho Mu) represent only a small fraction of the district’s population (less than 1%). 1 describes the twenty sample villages, their size, ethnic composition, elevation and economic classification. 12 The questionnaires were developed together with 10 The three papers presented in this thesis use the same survey data. 11 Except for villages and households located in the four communes bordering Laos for which research permits were difficult to obtain.
Microeconomic Impacts of Institutional Change in Vietnam's Northern Uplands: Empirical Studies on Social Capital, Land and Credit Institutions by Camille Saint-Macary