By Nicole A. Vincent, Ibo van de Poel, Jeroen van den Hoven
It is easily over a decade due to the fact that John Fischer and Mark Ravizza – and sooner than them, Jay Wallace and Daniel Dennett – defended accountability from the specter of determinism. yet protecting accountability from determinism is a probably never-ending and mostly unfavorable company; it may cross on for so long as dissenting voices stay, and even though such paintings strengthens the theoretical foundations of those theories, it won’t inevitably construct whatever on best of these foundations, nor will it flow those theories into new territory or clarify the best way to observe them to sensible contexts.
To this finish, the papers during this quantity tackle those extra confident demanding situations by means of exploring how compatibilist accountability concept should be prolonged and/or utilized in a number of useful contexts. for example, how is the slim philosophical thought of accountability that used to be defended from the specter of determinism regarding the plural notions of accountability found in daily discourse, and the way may well this extra fine-grained realizing of accountability open up new vistas and demanding situations for compatibilist idea? What gentle may perhaps compatibilism shed, and what mild may be shed upon it, by means of political debates approximately entry to public welfare within the context of accountability for one’s personal health and wellbeing, and by means of felony debates concerning the influence of self-intoxication on accountability. Does compatibilist conception, which was once initially designed to cater for research of person activities, scale to situations that contain crew motion and collective accountability — e.g. for harms because of human-induced weather switch?
This book’s chapters care for a number theoretical difficulties mentioned in vintage compatibilist literature — e.g. the connection among accountability and capability, the function of old tracing in discounting the exculpatory price of incapacities, and the justifiability of retributive punishment. yet rather than motivating their discussions via concentrating on the alleged chance that determinism poses to accountability, those chapters’ authors have lively their discussions by means of tackling very important sensible difficulties which crop up in modern debates approximately accountability.
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Additional resources for Moral Responsibility: Beyond Free Will and Determinism
For instance, if the reason why the cost of repairs to the other car was so great was because its owner paid millions to Pablo Picasso to paint their last masterpiece on the duco of their car (and the masterpiece is now scratched), then the judge might indeed make the substantive evaluation that this is pure folly on their part and award them damages consistent only with how much the repairs to a reasonably-priced car would have cost. 2 A Structured Taxonomy of Responsibility Concepts 33 The point of this example is not that any of these strategies would necessarily work, but it is rather to demonstrate how the two step procedure outlined above can provide hints about the sort of arguments that you might be able to use in a debate about responsibility.
Hart discusses blameworthiness as a component of moral liability, but I think that it is conceptually clearer to distinguish both notions. 2 This is what Hart calls role-responsibility. 3 This may also be called responsibility-as-office or responsibility-as-jurisdiction. It refers to a realm in which one has the authority to make decisions or is in charge and for which one can be held accountable. 3 The Relation Between Forward-Looking and Backward-Looking Responsibility 39 4. e. as the ability to act in a responsible way.
E. as the ability to act in a responsible way. This includes for example the ability to reflect on the consequences of one’s actions, to form intentions, to deliberately choose an action and act upon it. 5. e. as the disposition (character trait) to act responsibly. As in: he is a responsible person. 6. Responsibility-as-(moral)-obligation, to see to it that something is the case. As in: he is responsible for the safety of the passengers, meaning he is responsible to see to it that the passengers are transported safely.
Moral Responsibility: Beyond Free Will and Determinism by Nicole A. Vincent, Ibo van de Poel, Jeroen van den Hoven