By Sharon Lamb
It is more and more tricky to exploit the notice "victim" nowadays with out dealing with both ridicule for "crying sufferer" or feedback for intended harshness towards these traumatized. a few deny the potential for "recovering" repressed stories of abuse, or ponder date rape an invention of whining students. on the contrary severe, others contend that ladies who adventure abuse are "survivors" most probably destined to be psychically wounded for life.
While the debates rage among sufferers' rights advocates and "backlash" authors, the members to New types of Victims jointly argue that we needs to flow past those polarizations to envision the "victim" as a socially built time period and to discover, in nuanced phrases, why we see sufferers the best way we do.
Must one were topic to severe or lengthy anguish to benefit designation as a sufferer? How are we to give an explanation for rape sufferers who possible "get over" their event without lingering emotional scars? Resisting the reductive oversimplifications of the polemicists, the members to New models of Victims critique exaggerated claims by means of sufferer advocates concerning the damage of victimization whereas concurrently taking up the reactionary boilerplate of writers resembling Katie Roiphe and Camille Paglia and supplying extra suggestions for countering the backlash.
Written in transparent, available language, New types of Victims bargains a serious research of renowned debates approximately victimization that would be appropriate to either perform and theory.
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Additional info for New Versions of Victims : Feminists Struggle With the Concept
Sexual abuse allegations may acquire social symbolic meaning over time, as they gravitate from their original entry point in public consciousness. But sexual motifs in women’s storytelling also are shaped by other as pects of cultural history. The project of emancipation from familial con straints is a more ambivalent one for many women of color, who experi ence acutely the illusory aspects of feminine “autonomy,” than for white Heretical Texts women. Confronting the powerful fathers may be more problematic when father and daughter share a common history of oppression, including racist stereotypes of “oversexed” dark-skinned people.
The daughter may encounter the mother’s destructive side, as the mother takes out her own frustrated longings and aggression on a more vulnerable female counterpart. Mothers may minimize the daugh ter’s distress, just as they minimize their own, and look the other way in order to maintain the peace. But there are other dimensions to remembering the mother, dimensions intimately tied to infantile fantasies. Since the ﬁrst object of dependency is typically the mother, the ﬁrst struggles for independence also are with her.
Benjamin, J. . The bonds of love: Psychoanalysis, feminism, and the problem of domination. New York: Pantheon Books. Brownmiller, S. . Against our will: Men, women, and rape. New York: Simon & Schuster. , and Bruni, F. . Gospel of shame: Children, sexual abuse, and the Catholic Church. : Viking. Butler-Evans, E. . Race, gender, and desire. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. Chodorow, N. . The reproduction of mothering: Psychoanalysis and the sociology of gender. Berkeley: University of California Press.
New Versions of Victims : Feminists Struggle With the Concept by Sharon Lamb