By Wyn Johnson, Paula Reimers
This complex advent to non-disordered phonological acquisition is the 1st textbook of its sort. suitable to theoretical, utilized and medical phonology, this student-friendly textual content will permit the reader to reinforce their observational talents and strengthen an figuring out of the relationship among baby facts and phonological concept. The authors offer a transparent review of concerns in phonological acquisition, investigating baby phonological styles, phonological concept, the pre-production phases of phonological acquisition and non-grammatical components affecting acquisition.
Wyn Johnson and Paula Reimers first current a wealthy set of cross-linguistic info calling for phonological analyses ahead of introducing a wide spectrum of phonological concept, which levels from defining what's intended by way of 'markedness' to demonstrating how Optimality thought explains baby styles. The query of while acquisition starts within the baby additionally involves an research of pre-production phases, which casts doubt at the validity of phonological idea and necessitates the exam of other bills of kid styles. through steerage the reader to enquire the level to which theories of speech construction can clarify routine sound styles in baby language and introducing perceptual features of acquisition, this booklet presents readers with a legitimate realizing of the tactics in phonological acquisition, necessary to scholars and practitioners.
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Additional info for Patterns in Child Phonology
It is this labiality that has combined with the manner of articulation of the final consonant to produce a labial. In other words the labial feature has lingered but, instead of attaching itself to the initial sound it has attached itself to the final. 2 CODA CLUSTER SIMPLIFICATION So far, we have been looking at word initial cluster simplification and its consequences. There was, as we commented, one example of a simplified final cluster in Gitanjali’s data. Let us look at the patterns in Amahl’s word-final cluster simplification.
Consider the following examples. 28) Clara (Rose 2000) a. [bɑbu ] /dəbu/ [v v l] /ʃəval/ [fədɔ ] /savɔ˜/ b. [p p ] /gaspaʁ/ [pap b] /kapab/ [pəfε] /kafe/ c. 28c). The instances of labial targeting coronal and dorsal occur in 93 per cent of possible targets, whereas the instances of coronal targeting dorsal occur in only 61 per cent of possible tokens. 29) from that exhibited by the English children. 29) labial > coronal > dorsal All Clara’s harmonic patterns are regressive, there is no evidence of progressive harmony at all in the data presented.
If aphasia is the reverse of language acquisition, as proposed by Jakobson (1941/1968), we might suppose that an investigation of sound loss is not trivial. indd 48 27/5/10 10:37:27 Markedness and its definitions 49 little that can be said about the loss of sounds in aphasia, since recent research in aphasiology has found that language does not break down along traditional linguistic lines. 1d): from the fact that the presence of X implies the presence of Y in a particular language, it follows that the unmarked Y must at least be cross-linguistically as frequent as is the marked X.
Patterns in Child Phonology by Wyn Johnson, Paula Reimers