By Per-Lennart Westesson, Leena M. Ketonen, Akio Hiwatashi, Ravinder Sidhu
This useful MR imaging atlas covers all points of pediatric mind and backbone imaging together with modern innovations comparable to diffusion imaging, fetal imaging and MR spectroscopy. The ebook comprises 12 chapters, beginning with the constructing pediatric mind and carrying on with with metabolic, congenital, genetic, stressful, inflammatory and neoplastic methods of the mind and backbone. every one entity is comprehensively illustrated with a number of most advantageous photos and observed by way of scientific background, a brief dialogue and the main pertinent references. There are large illustrations of MR imaging of kid abuse. The authors are at the moment all on the college of Rochester, manhattan, yet have lengthy adventure of pediatric neuroradiology from a global standpoint, which promises a vast view of the topic. The publication is effective for radiologists, pediatricians, neurologists, neurosurgeons, neuroscientists and pediatric neurologists, in addition to for physicians in education in those parts. This richly illustrated atlas is a brief scientific reference for all inquisitive about pediatric neuroimaging.
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Extra info for Pediatric Brain and Spine: An Atlas of MRI and Spectroscopy
Coronal SPGR image shows typical “Viking helmet” appearance of the ventricles. 21 Focal subcortical heterotopia Focal Subcortical Heterotopia Clinical Presentation A 15-year-old male with history of intractable seizures since age 10years. Images (Fig. 21) A. Coronal T2-weighted image at the age of 15years reveals clusters of gray matter inside the frontal lobe white matter (arrow). The left frontal horn is deformed B. Coronal T2-weighted image several years later shows features that are identical to those shown in A.
Classiﬁcation of congenital brain anomalies Gestational age Stage/etiology Malformation 3–4 weeks Dorsal induction Anencephaly Cephalocele Chiari II 5–8 weeks Ventral induction Porencephalies Septo-optic dysplasia Pituitary maldevelopment Posterior fossa malformations 2–5 months Neuronal proliferation Microcephaly Megalencephaly Hemimegalencephaly Neurocutaneous syndromes 2–5 months Neuronal migration Schizencephaly Lissencephaly Heterotopias Polymicrogyria 6 months to postnatal and adult Maturation and dysmyelinating disorders Metabolic disorders Toxic effects Encephaloclastic disorders 17 18 Chapter 2 During ventral induction, a series of events lead to the formation of two separate cerebral hemispheres.
Neuronal migration is the time between the third and ﬁfth gestational month when neurons migrate from their site of origin in the subventricular region to their ﬁnal destination within the cortex. During the migration, as the cerebral hemispheres enlarge, the distance to be moved from the subventricular zone to the cortex increases. The migrating cells move along specialized radial glial ﬁbers that span from the ventricle surface to the pia of the developing hemisphere. The sulcation is a complex process and it coincides with a maximal increase in the volume of the cerebral cortex.
Pediatric Brain and Spine: An Atlas of MRI and Spectroscopy by Per-Lennart Westesson, Leena M. Ketonen, Akio Hiwatashi, Ravinder Sidhu