By Keekok Lee
The final century observed nice revolutions in genetics; the improvement of vintage Mendelian concept and the invention and research of DNA. every one primary medical discovery in flip generated its personal certain expertise. Biotechnology is the offspring of the latter and is predicted to be the motive force in the back of fiscal development within the twenty-first century. those case experiences permit the writer to behavior a philosophical exploration of the connection among basic medical discoveries at the one hand, and the applied sciences that spring from them at the different. As such it's also an workout within the philosophy of technology.
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Additional info for Philosophy and Revolutions in Genetics: Deep Science and Deep Technology
Sometimes, as with a bicycle, humans provide the motive force which, acting on the machine, enables it to perform a greater amount of work than the human power on its own could do. But a car relies on the energy which is released from the combustion of petrol – the human driver merely provides direction rather than motive force. The newest arrival in the family of machines is the automated machine in which humans are no longer needed even to provide direction and regulation as it has been constructed to be self-regulating.
Then prepare the way for transforming the assimilation at the level of language into an assimilation of ontological kinds – organisms are machines. Let us Living Organisms: Philosophical Transformation 33 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. call this use of the term ‘(MV)machine’, where ‘MV’ stands for ‘Maturana and Varela’. Any entity with an organisational unity may be said to be a system; (MV)machines are systems which may now be divided into living and non-living ones. As the standard use of the term ‘machine’ connotes dynamism, and as organisms exhibit dynamism, it is ﬁtting that (MV)machines are said to be dynamic systems – see Maturana and Varela (1980, p.
Note that atoms of carbon or nitrogen are themselves natural, though not natural kinds such as wood made out of, in the main, carbon, what Aristotle called second matter. Atoms are analogous to what Aristotle called ﬁrst matter – see Keekok Lee, 1999. ) Unlike bulk manufacture, which is polluting, molecular nanotechnology is said to be virtually non-polluting (in relative terms) and could be regarded as a ‘green technological ﬁx’. For a popular account, see Drexler (1992). 15 But actually modern science today has gone beyond the level of nanotechnology to the even deeper one of creating artefactual elements.
Philosophy and Revolutions in Genetics: Deep Science and Deep Technology by Keekok Lee