By J. Nitsch, F. Staiß (auth.), Prof. Dr. Achim Bubenzer, Prof. Dr. Joachim Luther (eds.)
This guidebook for managers and different determination makers analyses all very important elements that experience to be thought of while comparing photovoltaics as a possible choice within the power-supply and commercial improvement. given that such an research is sort of complicated and calls for information from numerous clinical disciplines, the e-book attracts upon the services of approximately forty invited specialists. Consensus statements on many of the arguable goods comparable to fee improvement or power pay-back time are given. additionally, the ebook is rounded out via an overview of the technological prestige of photovoltaics. The Photovoltaics Guidebook for determination Makers permits readers to shape their very own critiques, quite at the sensible power and function of photovoltaics in power coverage, the power-supply and commercial development.
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Additional info for Photovoltaics Guidebook for Decision-Makers: Technological Status and Potential Role in Energy Economy
3 o 2 4 6 8 10 12 Percentage of total electricity generation 1997 (%) Fig. 16. S Wuppcrtal 1=======:::;-:;" 25. 1 DLRII E 1-_ I======~ _ _ _ _.... 0 o 20 40 60 o Percentage oftotal electricity generation 1997 (%) Fig. 17. 6 The lSI/Siemens model calculations [lSI 1997] show that with a projected 80 % reduction in CO 2 emissions and without nuclear energy at the same time, RES shares will have to reach this value by 2050. The TV Berlin scenario [Quaschning 1999] assumes the highest RES shares with 44 % (2030) and 81 % (2050) exceeding the DLR/ISE scenario [Nitsch 1997].
The leading countries in PV manufacturing are Japan (market share 45 %) and the United States (25 %), while all European countries together make up 20 % [PV Report] (Fig. 2). The remaining 10 % fall to India, Australia, Taiwan, and China, although the third-world market is rather important. Consequently, international trading of PV modules is common practice. American companies, for example, export about three quarters of their production. It is worthwhile to note that in contrast to other renewable energy technologies, PV module production is in the hands of a small number of big industrial companies which can afford high investments in production facilities, and can rely on a global distribution network.
8 finally shows how these scenarios relate to the now numerous goals and market considerations of other studies, taking the installed capacity in 2010 as an example. Apart from the very theoretical considerations in the "Best practice" scenario of TERES II, the estimates range between 700 and 3000 MWp of installed capacity in 2010. Following the considerations in this paper, the contributions of photovoltaics to the European electricity supply in 2010 will be located in the upper third of these estimations.
Photovoltaics Guidebook for Decision-Makers: Technological Status and Potential Role in Energy Economy by J. Nitsch, F. Staiß (auth.), Prof. Dr. Achim Bubenzer, Prof. Dr. Joachim Luther (eds.)