Download e-book for kindle: Preventing HIV in Developing Countries: Biomedical and by Laura Gibney (auth.), Laura Gibney Ph.D., Ralph J. Di

By Laura Gibney (auth.), Laura Gibney Ph.D., Ralph J. Di Clemente Ph.D., Sten H. Vermund Ph.D., M.D. (eds.)

ISBN-10: 0306459612

ISBN-13: 9780306459610

ISBN-10: 0306471574

ISBN-13: 9780306471575

Globally, motion to avoid HIV unfold is insufficient. Over 16,000 new infections take place on a daily basis. but we aren't helpless within the face of catastrophe, as proven via the wealthy prevention adventure analyzed during this important new compendium. “Best pr- tice” exists—a set of attempted and proven methods of slowing the unfold of HIV, of persuading and allowing humans to guard themselves and others from the virus. separately, gains of top perform are available nearly in every single place. The tragedy, on an international scale, is that prevention is spotty, now not entire; the measures are usually not being utilized on wherever close to the dimensions wanted, or with the best concentration or synergy. The nationwide reaction could focus completely on intercourse staff, for instance. in other places, efforts may work into university schooling for the younger, yet forget about the hazards and vulnerability of guys who've intercourse with males. motion could be patchy geographically. AIDS prevention won't reap the benefits of sufficient dedication from all components and sectors of society, compromising the sustainability of the reaction. In a few nations concerns are nonetheless worse—there remains to be rarely any motion in any respect opposed to AIDS and scarcely any attempt to make HIV seen. it really is no ask yourself that the epidemic remains to be rising and in a few locations is altogether out of control.

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Extra info for Preventing HIV in Developing Countries: Biomedical and Behavioral Approaches

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Populations Affected The epidemics in Asia are predominantly spreading through heterosexual contact. 38 This male-female ratio is expected to drop as the epidemic spreads into the general population through spread of HIV from clients of sex workers to their regular partners and spouses. The HIV/AIDS epidemics in Asian countries have been strongly influenced by gender inequality and the frequent practice of men visiting sex workers. 39 As a result, most epidemics begin with rapid prevalence increases in sex workers and their clients (as seen through STD clinic data).

Seventy-five percent of re- Global HIV/AIDS Pandemic 17 ported AIDS cases are from five countries in the region: Morocco, Sudan, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, and Djibouti. The future size and trends of the epidemic in this region are difficult to predict. There is anecdotal evidence of high STD rates and risk behaviors. The region is characterized by late introduction of the virus, the status of women in society, the highly stigmatizing nature of STDs, and the difficulty of conducting effective sexual health programs.

38 This male-female ratio is expected to drop as the epidemic spreads into the general population through spread of HIV from clients of sex workers to their regular partners and spouses. The HIV/AIDS epidemics in Asian countries have been strongly influenced by gender inequality and the frequent practice of men visiting sex workers. 39 As a result, most epidemics begin with rapid prevalence increases in sex workers and their clients (as seen through STD clinic data). This growth can be quite explosive.

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Preventing HIV in Developing Countries: Biomedical and Behavioral Approaches by Laura Gibney (auth.), Laura Gibney Ph.D., Ralph J. Di Clemente Ph.D., Sten H. Vermund Ph.D., M.D. (eds.)


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