By Paul Kline
It is a transparent and obtainable advent to Freudian idea and its prestige in smooth psychology. Paul Kline examines the proof for and opposed to psychoanalytic theories and exhibits that, faraway from being old-fashioned, they are often supported via glossy mental examine. He writes for the coed and the non-specialist, drawing on a variety of, usually lighthearted, examples taken from actual existence and pointing to the results of his findings for tutorial, medical and commercial psychologists.
After a quick creation to Freudian thought and its improvement during the paintings of Jung, Adler and Melanie Klein, Paul Kline describes the objections which have been raised to psychoanalytic theories and a few attainable solutions very important features of Freudian thought touching on baby improvement, the Oedipus complicated, dreaming and the character of the subconscious are tested to determine whether or not they might be acknowledged to be precise or fake, and are in comparison while attainable with their glossy mental opposite numbers. The publication concludes with a dialogue of the wider social implications of Freudian concept and its worth for these fascinated with baby improvement - mom and dad and educators - and for these interested by psychological health.
Psychology and Freudian concept will be welcomed via all people with an curiosity in human behaviour and by way of the broad spectrum of social reports scholars.
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Additional info for Psychology and Freudian Theory: An Introduction
M edawar thus dismisses the theory. Now this argum ent is sound. However, this particular postu late that all objections are defences can be removed and the rest of the theory of behaviour still stands. I, as my approach must indicate, take no notice of this Freudian claim. Actually to dismiss a whole theory on this ground, w hen it can so obviously be ignored, does sound like resistance! However, I take M edaw ar's point but not his conclusions. Ricoeur (1970) has raised an important issue concerning psychoanalytic theory.
He argued that one common thread could be discerned in some of these works which would account for their timeless quality. These portrayed the Oedipus complex. By such portrayal, the audience could, without guilt, express their unresolved Oedipal conflicts. This, of course, is a detailed description of what Aristotle referred to as catharsis. On the stage or in the novel the great conflict is acted out and the audience and readers vicariously experience the relief of so doing. Jones (1949) shows how m any of the idiosyncracies of Hamlet are in accord w ith this hypothesis.
Such objections are called resistance in the theory. M edawar argues that this point robs psychoanalysis of all claims to be scientific because, by this device, it shuts itself off from scrutiny and, as we have seen, scientific theories must be, by definition, refutable, in other words testable. M edawar thus dismisses the theory. Now this argum ent is sound. However, this particular postu late that all objections are defences can be removed and the rest of the theory of behaviour still stands.
Psychology and Freudian Theory: An Introduction by Paul Kline