By Phillip Montague
Humans punished via legislation are handled in ways in which we ponder immoral in different contexts. In Punishment as Societal-Defense, Phillip Montague develops a brand new conception of punishment that, rather than justifying it at the foundation of deterrence or retribution, constructs it as analogous to person self-defense. If individuals are justified in protecting themselves opposed to wrongful aggression, Montague argues, an analogous ideas of distributive justice underlie punishment as societal protection.
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Extra resources for Punishment as Societal-Defense
Anna Massey, The Independent Group: Modernism and Mass Culture in Britain, 1945–59 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1995), 62–71. 33. Robin Burstow, “The Limits of Modernist Art as a ‘Weapon of the Cold War’: Reassessing the Unknown Patron of the Monument to the Unknown Political Prisoner,” Oxford Art Journal 20, no. 1 (1997): 68–80. 34. , British Culture of the Postwar: An Introduction to Literature and Society, 1945–99 (London: Routledge, 2000), 105. 35. Campbell, Landscapes of Americanisation, 81–86.
Indeed, it now seems that several were principally inter- 28 | Hugh Wilford ested in spending the Agency’s clandestine patronage on pet cultural projects that had little or nothing to do with the Cold War. These considerations notwithstanding, it would be unwise to underestimate the long-term effect of covert American subsidies on postwar Britain. The secret support given the “Gaitskellite” intellectuals of the Labour Party, for example, arguably helped make the political culture of the British left more Atlanticist and less socialist, thereby preparing the ground for the “modernizing,” pro-American policies of Tony Blair’s New Labour.
Overall, though, the various exchange programs proved highly effective conductors of American influence to postwar Britain, sometimes in unexpected ways. S. S. had otherwise been ignored as an object of academic study in Britain. S. officials, motivated partly by Cold War concerns, quietly assisted the founding of the British American Studies movement. S. Cultural Attaché, Dick Taylor, a meeting at Oxford launched the British Association for American Studies (BAAS). S. ”16 The stage was set for a period of steady if not spectacular growth, with the creation of a number of new American Studies posts and departments at provincial British universities.
Punishment as Societal-Defense by Phillip Montague