National Research Council's Research at the Intersection of the Physical and Life PDF

By National Research Council

ISBN-10: 0309147514

ISBN-13: 9780309147514

Commonly, the average sciences were divided into branches: the organic sciences and the actual sciences. this present day, increasingly more scientists are addressing difficulties mendacity on the intersection of the 2. those difficulties are most of the time organic in nature, yet reading them throughout the lens of the actual sciences can yield intriguing effects and possibilities. for instance, one sector generating powerful cross-discipline learn possibilities facilities at the dynamics of structures. Equilibrium, multistability, and stochastic behavior--concepts popular to physicists and chemists--are now getting used to take on concerns linked to residing platforms corresponding to variation, suggestions, and emergent habit. study on the Intersection of the actual and lifestyles Sciences discusses how essentially the most vital clinical and societal demanding situations may be addressed, a minimum of partially, by means of collaborative examine that lies on the intersection of conventional disciplines, together with biology, chemistry, and physics. This publication describes how a few of the mysteries of the organic global are being addressed utilizing instruments and strategies constructed within the actual sciences, and identifies 5 components of doubtless transformative study. paintings in those parts might have major impression in either examine and society at huge through increasing our figuring out of the actual international and by way of revealing new possibilities for advancing public overall healthiness, know-how, and stewardship of our surroundings. This ebook recommends a number of how one can speed up such cross-discipline study. lots of those suggestions are directed towards these administering the colleges and assets of our nice examine institutions--and the stewards of our learn funders, making this e-book an outstanding source for educational and learn associations, scientists, universities, and federal and personal investment agencies.--Publisher's description.

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2008. Drug bestows radiation resistance on mice and monkeys, Science 320: 163. BP, 2008. pdf. Accessed August 21, 2008. , 2008. Monkeys control robot arm with their thoughts, New York Times, May 29, 2008. , 2008. Mapmaker for the world of influenza. Science 320: 310. E. B. Lobell, 2008. Biomass energy: the scale of the potential resource. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 23: 65-72. B. A. R. Chiariello, 2007. Feedbacks of terrestrial ecosystems to climate change. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 32: 1-29.

One promising approach to understanding the brain is the reverse engineering of neural circuits. This reverse engineering has been accomplished for simple model nervous systems typically consisting of a few dozen cells. For example, neurons in the stomatogastric ganglion of the crab control the musculature of the crab’s stomach. Understanding the mechanism of this simple system was accomplished in five steps: (1) cataloguing the different cell and synapse types; (2) measuring their properties; (3) mapping the wiring diagram (the detailed connectivity between neurons); (4) measuring the electrical dynamics of many neurons simultaneously; and (5) creating a model that predicts and simulates behavior.

The vulnerability of the carbon cycle in the 21st century: An assessment of carbonclimate-human interactions. The Global Carbon Cycle: Integrating Humans, Climate, and the Natural World: 46-76. : Island Press. , 2008. Perfecting an artificial pancreas, Chemical Engineering News 86: 46-47. IPCC, 2007a. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, S. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z.

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Research at the Intersection of the Physical and Life Sciences by National Research Council

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