Alan D. Taylor's Social Choice and the Mathematics of Manipulation (Outlooks) PDF

By Alan D. Taylor

ISBN-10: 051100883X

ISBN-13: 9780511008832

ISBN-10: 0511114834

ISBN-13: 9780511114830

ISBN-10: 0521008832

ISBN-13: 9780521008839

ISBN-10: 0521810523

ISBN-13: 9780521810524

Honesty in vote casting isn't regularly the easiest coverage. this can be a booklet for mathematicians, political scientists, economists and philosophers who are looking to know the way it truly is most unlikely to plan a cheap vote casting approach within which citizens can by no means achieve through filing a disingenuous poll. The ebook calls for no must haves other than a willingness to stick to rigorous mathematical arguments.

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Extra info for Social Choice and the Mathematics of Manipulation (Outlooks)

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It is assumed further that the choice is made in this way: Before knowing the set S, the chooser considers in turn all possible pairs of alternatives, say x and y, and for each pair he makes one and only one of three decisions: x is preferred to y, x is indifferent to y, or y is preferred to x. The decisions made for different pairs are assumed to be consistent with one another, so that, for example, if x is preferred to y and y to z, then x is preferred to z; similarly, if x is indifferent to y and y to z, then x is indifferent to z.

6) [C] Use the following profile P to show that the narrow Borda rule can differ from the broad Borda rule. That is, find a subset v of alternatives such that, if V is the Borda rule, then V(P|v) is not the alternative in v with the highest Borda score from P. P d a b c b c d a c d a b d a c b The following two exercises outline a derivation showing that the version of Arrow’s theorem for voting rules implies the version for social welfare functions (and thus, because of transitive rationality, the version for social choice functions).

PIIA) Pairwise Independence of Irrelevant Alternatives: For every two (A, n)-profiles P and P , if V(P) = R and V(P ) = R , then for every pair of alternatives x, y ∈ A, if Ri |{x, y} = Ri {x, y} for every i, then R|{x, y} = R |{x, y}. 6 The version of IIA we use is inspired by the pairwise version of IIA occurring in Arrow’s theorem for social welfare functions. Intuitively, that pairwise version says that society’s preference for x over y should be preserved as long as no voter changes the order in which he or 6 The first version of Arrow’s theorem in the context of voting rules seems to be due to Hansson (1969).

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Social Choice and the Mathematics of Manipulation (Outlooks) by Alan D. Taylor


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