By Olli Kangas, Joakim Palme
This quantity examines the connection among Nordic social coverage and financial improvement from a comparative point of view. It identifies the using forces in the back of the improvement of the Nordic welfare version and the issues and dilemmas the version is dealing with at the present. The e-book additionally strains the hyperlink among democratization and social coverage, drawing consciousness to the function of the country and non-governmental companies.
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Additional info for Social Policy and Economic Development in the Nordic Countries (Social Policy in a Development Context)
Sweden, Norway and Iceland remained in a floating exchange rate regime with explicit inflation targets. In spite of their different choices, all the Nordic countries adopted a policy of low inflation and central bank independence. The adjustment process to a new regime of stable prices was initially painful for them all, although the new regime has proven to function well in the long run. Kiander concludes that the Nordic welfare model survived the test of the 1990s. The model faced a real crisis when public deficits and unemployment rose to record levels in the mid-1990s due to world-wide recession.
Along with the growth in the number of salaried staff and other employees in the service sector, the percentage of agricultural employees declined. e. part of the population had to make do with quite small national pensions while other groups could rely on more 24 The Formation of a ‘Nordic Model’ generous, occupational benefits paid by the employer. This social division of welfare in society could, Titmuss argued, be counteracted only by means of universal earnings-related pensions. In Scandinavia, that debate became actual in the 1950s and 1960s.
Incentive structures need to be improved: investment in human capital and social services are critical for both labour supply and productivity improvements. However, unless such measures are combined with successful macroeconomic policies they are unlikely to achieve anything close to their full potential. 16 Social Policy and Economic Development Note 1 In principle, there are five Nordic countries: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden. Iceland is omitted here, mainly because of lack of availability of data.
Social Policy and Economic Development in the Nordic Countries (Social Policy in a Development Context) by Olli Kangas, Joakim Palme