Download e-book for iPad: Superconducting and Low-Temperature Particle Detectors by G. Waysand, G. Chardin

By G. Waysand, G. Chardin

ISBN-10: 0444874143

ISBN-13: 9780444874146

As verified via the contributions during this quantity, the area of superconducting and low-temperature units is in a speedily increasing section. Interactions among fabrics sciences, low-temperature physics, astrophysics, nuclear and particle physics have supplied the inducement for brand spanking new experiments, that can finally checklist such infrequent interactions as double beta decay, neutrino scattering, or collisions of the elusive darkish subject halo debris. The theoretical and experimental advancements accomplished over the last 12 months were notable. Detection of 60 keV answer with a non-zero spin fabric as a aim turns out for that reason realizable within the close to destiny. equally, notable achievements on ballistic phonons detection and superheated superconducting detectors were provided, including trustworthy options for constructing extremely low noise electronics required by way of those formidable experiments. except the contributions offered through the symposium, the 2 unique papers by way of Niinikoski presenting using bolometers as particle detectors were integrated during this quantity. those papers, regardless of their present curiosity, have by no means been released ahead of. the excellent variety of the papers will entice experts and non-specialists alike, specifically solid-state physicists will locate the amount of substantial curiosity, because the box of fabrics learn keeps to profit from the kind of paintings provided the following . . .

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Zacek : Europhysics Lett. 1 (1986) 161, see also F. Hertrich, H. Seidel , NIM A271 (1988) 332 [37] D. Twerenbold, Europhysics Lett. Workshop on Low Temperature Devices for the Detection of Low Energy Neutrinos and Dark Matter, LAPP (Annecy) May 2-6,1988 (to be published on NIM). [38] M. Kurakado, Phys. Rev. B34 (1986) 7748. [39] A. , Cryogenics detectors, PSI preprint PR-0. S. Raghavan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 37 (1976) 259. P. Pretzl, in Superconductive Particle Detectors, ed. by A. BaroneWordl Sei. 1988 p.

The initial apparent temperature swing is randomly up and down, followed quickly by a normal heating feature. This was clearly seen by producing artificial discharges. Cosmic rays would heat the Helsinki nuclear refrigerator1) by 10~ 10 -10~ 11 W; this is much below their observed heat leak, which is likely to come from the warm protons of the binding epoxy. However, cosmic-ray particle showers may contain thousands of particles, resulting from an interaction of an energetic (up to 10 20 eV) primary particle in the vicinity of the nuclear stage.

The size of the target does not affect a transient measurement, in principle, as the heating is uniform in the material. However, a minimum volume is pre- scribed by the fact that the thermometric area has to be very small compared with the total size to allow one to neglect the heat capacity due to the doping of the material there. particle background. A maximum size is given by considerations of charged We choose a size of 1 cm3 for the crystal as a compromise Cryogenic Detection of Neutrinos between the two limits.

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Superconducting and Low-Temperature Particle Detectors by G. Waysand, G. Chardin

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