By Wei-Bin Zhang
This paintings is a part of a extensive exam of Confucianism and its implications for modernization of the Confucian areas (covering mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, Vietnam, Japan, South Korea, North Korea, and Singapore). it's often desirous about the industrialization and modernization of Taiwan. so one can comprehend the method of modernization, the textual content offers an advent to the historical past of Taiwan and to Confucianism and its glossy implications. so far as social and monetary ideas are involved, Taiwan's modernization is, based on the writer, characterised by way of Americanization and modernizing Confucian manifestations. The textual content demonstrates that Taiwan has truly supplied an incredible case learn not just for the capitalist spirit of in another country chinese language, but additionally for attainable implications of Confucianism for modernization. In explaining Taiwan's modernization, it bargains not just with monetary and social concerns, but additionally examines the philosophical foundations.
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Additional resources for Taiwan's Modernization: Americanization and Modernizing Confucian Manifestations
The first Europeans to reach Taiwan were Portuguese navigators. They arrived off the coast of Taiwan and named the island "Ilha Formosa" (beautiful land). The Portuguese attempted to make Taiwan a trade center in the early 1600s. They departed soon after establishing a settlement in the north. The Dutch supplanted the Portuguese. To penetrate China by sea, the Dutch occupied Taiwan from 1642 to 1662 as a foothold in the China market (Shepherd, 1993). Dutch rule was indirect. The Dutch government's chartered agent, the Dutch East India Company, first colonized the southwester part of the island in 1624.
The Manchus developed a very sophisticated controlling network over the whole society. The situations were vividly described by 26 Taiwan s Modernization Williams, an American missionary long resident in China, in 1895 (Grieder, 1981) as follows: The great leading principles by which the present administration preserves its power over the people, consist in a system of strict surveillance and mutual responsibility among all classes ... It is like a network extending over the whole face of society, each individual being isolated in his own mesh, but responsibly connected with all around him.
When violence is prevented by punishments, and the worthy are raised to rank, the operation of government was made impartial. " Once, Fan Chi asked Confucius about benevolence. " Fan Chi wondered what Confucius meant by these answers. " Fan Chi still could not understand Confucius and then asked Zixia about what the master meant. Zixia replied: "Truly rich is his saying! Shun, being in possession of the empire, selected from among all the people and employed Gaoyao, on which all who devoid of virtue disappeared.
Taiwan's Modernization: Americanization and Modernizing Confucian Manifestations by Wei-Bin Zhang